See also:English classical
See also:scholar, was the son of
See also:bedell of Cambridge University . He was educated at St
See also:College, Cambridge, where he became a
See also:fellow in 1529 . While there he adopted the principles of the Reformation . His learning gained him an
See also:exhibition from the
See also:king, and in 1540, on
See also:Henry VIII.'s foundation of the regius professorships, he was elected to the
See also:chair of Greek . Amongst his pupils at St John's were
See also:Lord Burghley, who married Cheke's
See also:sister Mary, and Roger
See also:Ascham, who in The School-
See also:master gives Cheke the highest praise for scholarship and character . Together with
See also:Smith, he introduced a new method of Greek pronunciation very similar to that commonly used in England in the 19th century . It was strenuously opposed in the University, where the
See also:continental method prevailed, and
See also:Gardiner, as chancellor, issued a decree against it (
See also:June 1542); but Cheke ultimately triumphed . On the loth of
See also:July 1554, he was chosen as tutor to
See also:Edward, and after his
See also:pupil's accession to the
See also:throne he continued his instructions . Cheke took a fairly active
See also:share in public
See also:life; he sat, as member for Bletchingley, for the parliaments of 1547 and 1552-1553; he was made
See also:provost of King's College, Cambridge(
See also:April 1, 1548), was one of the commissioners for visiting that university as well as
See also:Oxford and
See also:Eton, and was appointed with seven divines to draw up a
See also:body of
See also:laws for the governance of the
See also:church . On the
See also:lath of
See also:October 1551 he was knighted; in 1553 he was made one of the secretaries of state, and sworn of the privy council . His zeal for Protestantism induced him to follow the duke of
See also:Northumberland, and he filled the
See also:office of secretary of state for
See also:Lady Jane
See also:Grey during her nine days' reign . In consequence Mary threw him into the Tower (July 27, 1553), and confiscated his
See also:wealth .
He was, however, released on the 13th of
See also:September 1554, and granted permission to travel abroad . He went first to
See also:Basel, then visited Italy, giving lectures in Greek at
See also:Padua, and finally settled at Strassburg, teaching Greek for his living . In the
See also:spring of 1556 he visited Brussels to see his wife; on his way back, between Brussels and Antwerp, he and Sir Peter Carew were treacherously seized (May 15) by
See also:order of
See also:Philip of Spain, hurried over to England, and imprisoned in the Tower . Cheke was visited by two priests and by Dr John
See also:Feckenham, dean of St Paul's, whom he had formerly tried to convert to Protestantism, and, terrified by a
See also:threat of the stake, he gave way and was received into the Church of Rome by
See also:Pole, being cruelly forced to make two public recantations . Overcome with shame, he did not long survive, but died in
See also:London on the 13th of September 1557, carrying, as T .
See also:Fuller says (Church
See also:History), "
See also:pardon and all
See also:good men's pity along with him." About 1547 Cheke married Mary, daughter of
See also:Hill, sergeant of the
See also:wine-cellar to Henry VIII., and by her he had three sons . The descendants of one of these, Henry, known only for his
See also:translation of an
See also:Italian morality
See also:play Freewyl (Tragedio del Libero Arbitrio) by Nigri de Bassano, settled at Pyrgo in
See also:Essex . Thomas
See also:Wilson, in the
See also:epistle prefixed to his translation of the Olynthiacs of
See also:Demosthenes (157o), has a long and most interesting eulogy of Cheke; and Thomas
See also:Nash, in To the Gentlemen Students, prefixed to Robert
See also:Greene's Menaphon (1589), calls him " the
See also:Exchequer of eloquence, Sir Ihon Cheke, a man of men, super-naturally traded in all tongues." Many of Cheke's
See also:works are still in MS., some have been altogether lost . One of the most interesting from a
See also:historical point of view is the Hurt of Sedition how greueous it is to a Communewelth (1549), written on the occasion of
See also:rebellion, republished in 1569, 1576 and 1641, on the last occasion with a life of the author by
See also:Gerard Langbaine . Others are D . Joannis Chrysostomi homiliae duae (1543), D . Joannis Chrysostomi de providentia Dei (1545), The
See also:Gospel according to St
See also:Matthew .
. . translated (c . 1550; ed .
See also:Goodwin, 1843), De obitu Martini Buceri (1551), (
See also:Leo VI.'s) de Apparalu bellico (Basel, 1554; but dedicated to Henry VIII., 1544), Carmen Heroicum,
See also:aut epitaphium in Antonium Deneium (155,), De pronuntiatione Graecae . . . linguae (Basel, 1555) . He also translated several Greek works, and lectured admirably upon Demosthenes . His Life was written by John
See also:Strype (1821); additions by J .
See also:Nichols in Archaeologia (186o), xxxviii . 98, 127 .
He cannot have become Edward's tutor in 1554 because Edward died in 1553! He became his tutor in 1544 when Edward was 6.
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