CHELTENHAM , a municipal and
See also:borough of
See also:Gloucestershire, England,
See also:log m . W. by N. of
See also:London by the
See also:Great Western railway; served also by the west and
See also:line of the Midland railway . Pop . (1901) 49,439• The
See also:town is well situated in the valley of the Chelt, a small tributary of the Severn, under the high line of the Cotteswold Hills to the east, and is in high repute as a
See also:health resort .
See also:Mineral springs were accidentally discovered in 1716 . The
See also:Montpellier and Pittville Springs supply handsome
See also:pump rooms
See also:standing in public gardens, and are the
See also:property of the corporation . The Montpellier
See also:waters are sulphated, and are valuable for their diuretic effect, and as a stimulant to the
See also:liver and alimentary canal . The alkaline-saline waters of Pittville are efficacious against diseases resulting from excess of uric acid . The
See also:church of St Mary
See also:dates from the 14th century, but is almost completely modernized . The town, moreover, is wholly
See also:modern in appearance .
See also:Assembly rooms opened in 1815 by the duke of Wellington were removed in 1901 . A new town
See also:hall, including a central
See also:spa and assembly rooms, was opened in 1903 .
There are numerous other handsome buildings, especially in HighStreet, and the
See also:Promenade forms a beautiful broad thoroughfare, lined with trees . The town is famous as an educational centre . Cheltenham
See also:College (1842) provides
See also:education for boys in three departments, classical, military and commercial; and includes a preparatory school . The Ladies' College (1854), long conducted by
See also:Beale (q.v.), is one of the most-successful in England . The Normal Training College was founded in 1846 for the training of teachers, male and
See also:female, in
See also:national and parochial
See also:schools . A
See also:free grammar school was founded in 1568 by
See also:Richard Pate, recorder of
See also:Gloucester . The
See also:art gallery and museum may be mentioned also . The parliamentary borough returns one member . The municipal borough is under a mayor, 6 aldermen and 18 councillors .
See also:Area, 4726 acres . The urban
See also:district of Charlton
See also:Kings (pop . 3806) forms a south-eastern suburb of Cheltenham .
The site of a
See also:village and burying-ground, Cheltei
See also:ham (Celtanhomme, Chiltham, Chelteham) was a village with a church in 803 . The
See also:manor belonged to the
See also:crown; it was granted to
See also:Henry de
See also:earl of
See also:late in the 12th century, but in 1199 was exchanged for other lands with the
See also:king . It was granted to
See also:William de Longespee, earl of
See also:Salisbury, in 1219, but resumed on his
See also:death and granted in dower to Eleanor of
See also:Provence in 1243 . In 1252 the abbey of
See also:purchased the manor, and it afterwards belonged to the priory of Cormeille, but was confiscated in 1415 as the possession of an
See also:alien priory, and was granted in 1461 to the abbey of Lyon, by which it was held until, once more returning to the crown at the Dissolution, it was granted to the
See also:family of Dutton . The town is first mentioned in 1223, when William de Longespee leased the benefit of the markets, fairs and
See also:hundred of Cheltenham to the men of the town for three years; the lease was renewed by Henry III. in 1226, and again in 1230 for ten years . A market town in the
See also:time of
See also:Camden, it was governed by commissioners from the 18th century in 1876, when it was incorporated; it became a parliamentary borough in 1832 . Henry III. in 1230 had granted to the men of Cheltenham a market on each
See also:Thursday, and a
See also:fair on the
See also:vigil, feast and morrow of St
See also:James . Although Camden mentions a considerable
See also:trade in
See also:malt, the
See also:spinning of woollen
See also:yarn was the only
See also:industry in 1779 . After the
See also:discovery of springs in 1716, and the erection of a pump-
See also:room in 1738, Cheltenham rapidly became fashionable, the visit of
See also:George III. and the royal princesses in 1788 ensuring its popularity . See S .
See also:Moreau, A Tour to Cheltenham Spa (Bath, 1738) .
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