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PIERRE ADOLPHE CHERUEL (1809-1891)

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Originally appearing in Volume V06, Page 89 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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PIERRE ADOLPHE CHERUEL (1809-1891), French historian, was born at Rouen on the 17th of January 1809. He was educated at the Ecole Normale Superieure, and became a fellow (agrege) in 1830. His early studies were devoted to his native town. His Histoire de Rouen sous la domination anglaise au XV^ siecle (184o) and Histoire de Rouen pendant l'epoque communale, 1150—1382 (Rouen, 1843—1844), are meritorious productions for a time when the archives were neither inventoried nor classified, and contain useful documents previously unpublished. His theses for the degree of doctor, De l'administration de Louis XIV d'apres les Memoires inedits d'Olivier d'Ormesson and De Maria Stuarta et Henrico III. (1849), led him to the study of general history. The former was expanded afterwards under the title Histoire de l' administration monarchique en France depuis l'avenement de Philippe-Auguste jusqu'd in mart de Louis XIV (1855), and in 1855 he also published his Dictionnaire historique des institutions, wears et coutumes de in France, of which many editions have appeared. These works may still be consulted for the 17th century, the period upon which Cheruel concentrated all his scientific activity. He edited successively the Journal d'Olivier Lefevre d'Ormesson (186o-1862), interesting for the history of the parlement of Paris during the minority of Louis XIV.; Lettres du cardinal Mazarin pendant son ministere (6 vols., 1870-1891), continued by the vicomte G. d'Avenel; and Memoires du duc de Saint-Simon, published for the first time according to the original MSS. (2 editions, 1856—1858 and 1878—1881). To Saint-Simon also he devoted two critical studies, which are acute but not definitive: Saint-Simon considers comme histories de Louis XIV (1865) and Notice sur la vie et sur les memoires du duc de Saint-Simon (1876). The latter may be considered as an introduction to the famous Memoires. Among his later writings may be mentioned the Histoire de in France pendant in minorite de Louis XIV (4 vols., 188o) and Histoire de in France sous le ministere de Mazarin (3 vols., 1882—1883). These two works are valuable for abundance of facts, precision of details, and clear and intelligentarrangement, but are characterized by a slightly frigid style. In their compilation Cheruel used a fair number of unpublished documents. To the student of the second half of the 17th century in France the works of Cheruel are a mine of information. He died in Paris on the 1st of May 1891.
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