CHESTER , acity of
See also:county, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., on the Delaware
See also:river, about 13 m . S.V. of
See also:Philadelphia . Pop . (1890) 20,226; (1900) 33,988, of whom 5074 were
See also:born and 4403 were negroes; (U . S.
See also:census, 191o) 38,537 . It is served by the Baltimore &
See also:Ohio and the Philadelphia &
See also:railways, by the Philadelphia, Baltimore &
See also:Washington division of the Pennsylvania
See also:system, and by steamboat lines . Chester has several interesting buildings dating from early in the 18th' century —among them the city
See also:hall (1724), one of the
See also:oldest public buildings in the
See also:United States, and the
See also:house (1683) occupied for a
See also:time by
See also:William Penn . It is the seat of the Pennsylvania Military
See also:College (1862); and on the border of Chester, in the
See also:borough of Upland (pop. in 'goo, 2131), is the Crozer Theological Seminary (Baptist), which was incorporated in 1867, opened in 1868, and named after
See also:John P . Crozer (1793–1866), by whose
See also:family it was founded . Chester has a large
See also:industry, and manufactories of
See also:cotton and worsted goods, iron and
See also:steel, the steel-casting industry being especially important, and large quantities of wrought iron and steel pipes being manufactured . Dye-stuffs and
See also:leather also are manufactured . The value of the city's factory products in 1905 was $16,644,842 .
Chester is the oldest
See also:town in Pennsylvania . It was settled by the Swedes about 1645, was called Upland and was the seat of the
See also:Swedish courts until 1682, when William Penn, soon after his landing at a spot in the town now marked by a memorial
See also:stone, gave it its
See also:present name . The first provincial
See also:assembly was convened here in
See also:December of the same
See also:year . After the
See also:battle of
See also:Brandywine in the War of Independence, Washington re-treated to Chester, and in the " Washington House," still
See also:standing, wrote his account of the battle . Soon afterwards Chester was occupied by the
See also:British . In 1701 it was incorporated as a borough; in 1795 and again in 1850 it received a new borough
See also:charter; and in 1866 it was chartered as a city . For a long time it was chiefly a small fishing settlement, its population as
See also:late as 182o being only 657; but after the introduction of large manufacturing interests in 185o, when its population was only 1667, its growth was rapid . See H . G . Ashmead,
See also:Sketch of Chester (Chester, 1883) .
CHEST (Gr. Kiarl, Lat. cista, O. Eng. cist, test, &...
EARLS OF CHESTER
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