ULYSSE CHEVALIER (1841– ) ,French bibliographer, was
See also:born at Rambouillet on the 24th of
See also:February 1841 . He published a
See also:great number of documents
See also:relating to the
See also:history of
See also:Dauphine, e.g. the cartularies of the
See also:church and the
See also:town of Die (1868), of the abbey of St
See also:Andre le-Bas at Vienne (1869), of the abbey of Notre
See also:Dame at Bonnevaux in the
See also:diocese of Vienne (1889), of the abbey of St Chaffre at Le Monestier (1884), the inventories and several collections of archives of the dauphins of . Viennais, and a Bibliotheque liturgique in six volumes (1893-1897), the third and
See also:fourth volumes of which constitute the Repertorium kymnologicum, containing more than 2o,000 articles . But his
See also:work is the Repertoire
See also:sources historiques du moyen age . The first
See also:part, Bio-bibliographie (7877-1886; 2nd ed., 1905), contains the names of all the
See also:historical personages alive between the years r and 1500 who are mentioned in printed books, together with the precise indication of all the places where they are mentioned . The second part, Topo-bibliographie (1894-1903), contains not only the names of places mentioned in books on the history of the
See also:middle ages, but, in a general way, every-thing not included in the Bio-bibliographie . The Repertoire as a whole contains an enormous mass of useful information, and is one of the most important
See also:bibliographical monuments ever devoted to the study of
See also:medieval history . Though a Catholic
See also:priest and
See also:professor of history at the Catholic university of
See also:Lyons, the
See also:Abbe (afterwards
See also:Canon) Chevalier knew how to maintain an
See also:independent critical attitude even in religious questions . In the controversy on the authenticity of the
See also:Shroud (sudario) at
See also:Turin, he worked in the true scientific spirit by tracing back the history of that piece of stuff, which was undoubtedly used as a shroud, but which was not produced before the r4th century and is probably no older (See Le
See also:Saint Suaire de Lirey-
See also:Chambery-Turin et
See also:les defenseurs de son authenticite) . Similarly, in Notre Dame de Lorette; etude critique sur l'authenticile de la
See also:Santa Casa (woe), he dissipated by the aid of authentic documents the.
See also:legend which had embellished and falsified the
See also:primitive history of that sanctuary . CHEVAUX-DE-FRISE (French for "
See also:Friesland horses "; the Dutch Vriesse ruyters, " Frisian horsemen," and German Spanische Reiter, "
See also:Spanish horsemen "), a military obstacle, originating apparently in the Dutch War of Independence, and used to close the
See also:breach of a fortress, streets, &c . It was formerly often used in
See also:field operations as. a defence against
See also:cavalry; hence the name, as the Dutch were weak in the mounted
See also:arm and had therefore to check the enemy's cavalry by an artificial obstacle.' Chevaux-de-frise consist of beams in which are fixed a number of spears, sword-
See also:blades, &c., with the points projecting outwards on all sides .
MICHEL CHEVALIER (1806-1879)
JEAN LOUIS ANNE MAGDELEINE LEFEBVRE DE CHEVERUS (17...
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