CHHATTISGARH , adivision of the Central Provinces of India, comprising a
See also:British division (21,240 sq. m.) and two small feudatory states,
See also:Raigarh (1486 sq. m.) and Sarangarh (540 sq. m.) . In 1905 the five
See also:Oriya states of
See also:Bamra, Rairakhol, Sonpur,
See also:Patna and
See also:Kalahandi were transferred from the Central Provinces to Bengal . Chhattisgarh, or " the
See also:thirty-six forts," is a low-lying plain, enclosed on every side by hills and forests, while a rocky barrier shuts it off from the
See also:Nagpur plain on the west . Two
See also:rivers, the
See also:Nerbudda and
See also:Sone, take their rise at the side of the Amarkantak
See also:hill in the
See also:north-west corner of the division, the Nerbudda flowing nearly due west to the Bombay
See also:coast, the Sone ultimately falling into the
See also:Ganges in
See also:Lower Bengal . Protected on both sides by ranges of hills, the
See also:district was, until
See also:late years, the least known portion of the most obscure division of India, but recently it has been opened up by the Bengal-Nagpur railway, and has
See also:developed into a great
See also:country . Its population is almost pure
See also:Hindu, except in the two great tracts of hill and
See also:forest, where the aboriginal tribes retired before the
See also:Aryan invasion . It remained comparatively unaffected either by the Oriya immigration on the east, or by the later influx of
See also:Mahrattas on the west . For though the Mahrattas conquered and governed the country for a
See also:period, they did not take possession of the
See also:land . In 1901 the population of the two remaining feudatory states was 125,281, Raigarh having 86,543 and Sarangarh 38,738 . Much of the
See also:soil is still covered with forest, but it includes fertile
See also:rice land . The British division of Chhattisgarh comprises the three districts of
See also:Drug (created in 1906),
See also:Raipur and
See also:Bilaspur . In 1905 the district of
See also:Sambalpur, together with the five feudatory states, was transferred to Bengal .
In 1901 the population of the reduced
See also:area was 2,642,983 .
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