Online Encyclopedia

CHINA

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V06, Page 231 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CHINA, the common name for ware made of porcelain, given because it came from China, where the first vitrified, translucent, white ware was produced. The Portuguese or Italians gave it the name of " porcelain " (q.v.). English usage was influenced by India and the East, where the Persian chin was widely prevalent as the name of the ware. This is seen also in some of the earlier forms and pronunciations, e.g. chiney, cheney, and later chancy (see CERAMICS; and for " china-clay " KAOLIN).
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