See also:American lawyer and orator, was
See also:born at
See also:Ipswich, Massachusetts, on the 1st of
See also:October 1,799, the descendant of a
See also:family which settled in Massachusetts in 1667 . As a
See also:child he was remarkably precocious; at six he is said to have been able' to repeat large parts of the Bible and of
See also:Pilgrim's Progress by heart . He graduated as valedictorian of his class at Dartmouth
See also:College in 1819, was a tutor therein 1819-182o, spent a
See also:year in the
See also:law school of Harvard University, and studied for a like
See also:period at
See also:Washington, in the
See also:office of
See also:William Wirt, then
See also:attorney-general of the
See also:United States . He was admitted to the Massachusetts
See also:bar in 1823 and practised at what was later South
See also:Danvers (now
See also:Peabody) for five years, during which
See also:time he served in the Massachusetts
See also:House of Representatives (1825–1826) and in the state
See also:senate (1827) . In 1828 he removed to
See also:Salem, where his successful conduct of several important law-suits brought him prominently into public
See also:notice . In 183o he was elected to Congress as a Whig from the Salem
See also:district, defeating the Jacksonian
See also:candidate for re-election, B . W . Crowninshield (1772-1851), a former secretary of the
See also:navy, and in 1832 he was re-elected . His career in Congress was marked by a notable speech in defence of a protective
See also:tariff . In 1834, before the completion of his second
See also:term, he resigned and established himself in the practice of law in Boston . Already his fame as a
See also:speaker had spread beyond New England, and he was much sought after as an orator for public occasions . For several years he devoted himself unremittingly to his profession, but in 1841 succeeded Daniel
See also:Webster in the United States Senate .
Shortly afterwards he delivered one of his most eloquent addresses at the memorial services for
See also:Harrison in Faneuil
See also:Hall, Boston . In the Senate he made a series of brilliant speeches on the tariff, the
See also:Oregon boundary, in favour of the Fiscal
See also:Act, and in opposition to the annexation of
See also:Texas . On Webster's re-election to the Senate, Choate resumed (1845) his law practice, which no amount of urging could ever persuade him to abandon for public office, save for a
See also:short term as attorney-general of Massachusetts in 1853-1854 . In 1853 he was a member of the state constitutional
See also:convention . He was a faithful supporter of Webster's policy as declared in the latter's famous " Seventh of
See also:March Speech " (185o) and laboured to secure for him the presidential nomination at the Whig
See also:national convention in 1852 . In 1856 he refused to follow most of his former Whig associates into the Republican party and gave his support to
See also:Buchanan, whom he considered the representative of a national instead of a sectional party . In
See also:July 1859 failing
See also:health led him to seek
See also:rest in a trip to
See also:Europe, but he died on the 13th of that
See also:month at
See also:Halifax, Nova Scotia, where he had been put ashore when it was seen that he probably could not outlive the voyage across the
See also:Atlantic . Choate, besides being one of the ablest of American lawyers, was one of the most scholarly of American public men, and his numerous orations and addresses were remarkable for their pure
See also:style, their
See also:grace and elegance of
See also:form, and their
See also:wealth of classical allusion . His
See also:Works (edited, with a memoir, by S . G .
See also:Brown) were published in 2 vols. at Boston in 1862 . The Memoir was afterwards published separately (Boston, 1870) .
See also E . G .
See also:Parker's Reminiscences of Rufus Choate (New
See also:York, 186o) ; E . P . Whipple's Some Recollections of Rufus Choate (New York, 1879) ; and the Albany Law Review (1877-1878) .
JOSEPH HODGES CHOATE (1832- )
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