See also:British India in Bengal, consisting of five British districts and two feudatory states . It is a hilly,
See also:plateau, inhabited mostly by aboriginal races, between the basins of the
See also:Sone, the
See also:Ganges and the Mahanadi . The five British districts are
See also:Manbhum and Singhbhum . The
See also:area of the British districts is 27,101 sq. m . The population in 1901 was 4,900,429 . The tributary states are noticed separately below . The
See also:Nagpur plateau is an offshoot of the
See also:great Vindhyan range, and its mean
See also:elevation is upwards of 2000 ft. above the
See also:sea-level . In the W. it rises to 3600 ft., and to the E. and S. its
See also:lower steppe, from Boo to r000 ft. in elevation, comprises a great portion of the Manbhum and Singhbhum districts . The whole is about 14,000 sq. m. in extent, and forms the source of the Barakhar, Damodar,
See also:Kasai, Subanrekha, Baitarani, Brahmani, Ib and other
See also:rivers . Sal forests abound . The
See also:jungle products are
See also:timber, various kinds of medicinal fruits and herbs,
See also:lac, tussur
See also:silk and mahud
See also:flowers, which are used as
See also:food by the
See also:wild tribes and also distilled into a strong
See also:country liquor .
See also:Coal exists in large quantities, and is worked in the Jherria, Hazaribagh, Giridih and Gobindpur districts .
Thechief workings are at Jherria, which were started in 1893, and have
See also:developed into one of the largest coal-
See also:fields in India . Formerly gold was washed from the sands in the
See also:bed of the Subanrekha
See also:river, but the operations are now almost wholly abandoned . Iron-ores abound, together with
See also:stone . The indigenous inhabitants consist of non-
See also:Aryan tribes who were driven from the plains by the
See also:Hindus and took
See also:refuge in the
See also:mountain fastnesses of the Chota Nagpur plateau . The principal of them are
See also:Oraons, Dhangars,
See also:Mundas and Bhumij . These tribes were formerly turbulent, and a source of trouble to the
See also:governors of Bengal and
See also:Behar; but the introduction of British
See also:rule has secured peace and security, and the aboriginal races of Chota Nagpur are now peaceful and orderly subjects . The principal agricultural products are
See also:Indian corn, pulses, oil-seeds and potatoes . A small quantity of
See also:tea is grown in Hazaribagh and Ranchi districts . Lac and tussur silk-
See also:cloth are largely manufactured . The
See also:climate of Chota Nagpur is dry and healthy . The Jherria extension branch of the East India railway runs to Katrasgarh, while the Bengal-Nagpur railway also serves the division . The CHOTA NAGPUR STATES were formerly nine in number .
But the five states of Chang Bhakar,Korea,
See also:Udaipur and
See also:Jashpur were transferred from Bengal to the Central Provinces in
See also:October 1905, and the two Uriya-speaking states of
See also:Gangpur and Bonai were attached to the
See also:Orissa Tributary States . There now remain, therefore, only the two states of
See also:Kharsawan and Saraikela . At the decline of the Mahratta power in the early
See also:part of the 19th century, the Chota Nagpur states came under British
See also:protection . Before the rise of the British power in India their chiefs exercised almost absolute
See also:sovereignty in their respective territories . See F . B . Bradley-Birt, Chota Nagpore (1903) .
CHOUANS (a Bas-Breton word signifying screech-owls)...
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