CHRONOLOGICAL TABLEPythagoras, c . 582—500 B.C . Determines the ratios of the diatonic scale .
See also:Aristoxenus, fl . 320 B.C . Our chief authority on classical Greek
See also:music .
See also:Ptolemy, ft . A.D . 130 . Astronomer, geographer, mathematician and writer on music . Reforms the Greek modes so as to prepare the way for the ecclesiastical modes . St
See also:Ambrose .
Arranges the Ambrosian tones of
See also:church music, A.D . 384 .
See also:Hucbald, c . 84o-930 . Systematizer of Diaphonia or Organism (called by him
See also:Symphonia), and inventor of a
See also:simple and ingenious notation which did not survive him . Guido of
See also:Arezzo, c . 990-1050 . Theorist and systematizer of musical notation and solmization . Franco of Cologne, iith century author of
See also:treatises on musical rhythm .
See also:Works under the name of Franco appear at
See also:dates and places which have led to the
See also:assumption of the existence of three different authors, who, however, have been partly explained away again; and the 11th century is sometimes called the Franconian peciod of discant . Discantus positio vulgaris . An
See also:treatise written before I15o; is said to contain the earliest rules for " measured music," i.e. for music in which different voices can sing different rhythms .
See also:Reading MS., c . 1240 (
See also:British Museum, MS . Hari., 978, fol . 11 b.), contains the
See also:rota "
See also:Sumer is icumen in." Walter Odington, fl . 1280 .
See also:English writer on music, and composer .
See also:Adam de la
See also:Hale, 1230–1288 Connecting-links between the trouba-
See also:Machault, fl . 1350 dours and the archaic contrapuntists .
See also:Dunstable, died 1453 . English contrapuntal composer . G . Dufay, died 1474 .
Netherland contrapuntal composer . (These two are the
See also:principal founders of
See also:artistic counterpoint.) Josquin
See also:Des Pres, 1445–1521 . The first
See also:great composer .
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