Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V25, Page 570 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES OF CHRISTIAN DYNASTIES IN SPAIN. Kings of the Visigoths, having relations with Spain, but not established within it: Entered the north-east of Spain, murdered at Barcelona. His murderer, promptly murdered in turn. Elected king, was the ally (foederatus) of the empire. Defeated the Vandals and Alans. Migrated to south-west of France with all his people. Made inroads into Spain, as ally of the empire. Killed in the battle with Attila. All these kings had the seat of their government north of the Pyrenees. They made inroads in Spain and had a stronghold on the north-cast. Alaric was killed by the Frankish king, Clovis, at Vouille, 507. Bastard son of Alaric, was murdered. Reigned in south and south-east of France under protection of Theodoric, the Ostrogothic king in Italy. Fled before Franks to Barcelona at end of reign, and was murdered at Barcelona. Kings of the Visigoths established in Spain: Theudis . . 531-548 An Ostrogoth, general of Theodo- Theudigisel . . 548-549 ric. Murdered Amalaric, and Agila . . . 549-554 was murdered in turn at Athanagild . . 554-567 Seville by Theudigesil. Liuva I. 567-572 Murdered by Agila. Leovigild . . 567-586 Murdered at Merida. Reccared . . 586-6o1 Rebelled against Agila, evacuated Liuva II. . . 601-603 Andalusia to secure aid of Witteric. 603-610 Imperial officers. Established Gunthemar 610-612 the capital at Toledo. Sisebut . . 612-620 Elected at Narbonne. Associated Reccared II. 62o-621 his brother Leovigild with him- Swintella . . 621-631 1 self. Reccimer 621-631 f The first Visigoth king who as- Sisinand . . 631-636 sumed the diadem and purple, Chintila. 636-64o struck coins in his own name, Tulga 64o-641 - and enforced recognition of Chindaswinth 641-652 his supremacy in all parts of Recceswinth 649-672 Spain, except the south coast. Wamba . . . 672-68o Son. Associated with his father. Erwic 680 687 The first Visigoth king who was Egica 687-701 a Catholic. Witiza 697 710 Son. Soon murdered. Roderic . 717-711 Leader of Arian reaction. Obscure kings. Associated his family with him on the throne. They were all de- posed by the nobles. These kings were mainly sup- ported by the clergy, and were engaged in endeavouring to make the crown hereditary, by associating their kinsmen with themselves. Unrelated to his predecessor and elected by the nobles—was de- posed and tonsured. The most obscure of the Visigoth kings. Egica and Witiza ap- pear to have continued the struggle with the nobles, by whom Roderic was tumultu- ously elected, in opposition to Witiza's son Actula. Early kings of the Christian north-west of Spain, of uncertain chronology and relationship: Pelayo . . 718-737 Elected as " king of the Goths." Favila . . 737-739 Brother of Pelayo. Alphonso I. . . 739-757 Son-in-law of Pelayo. Froila . . 757-768 Son of Alphonso I. Murdered by Aurelio . . 768-774 his brother. Silon . . . 774-785 Brother or cousin. Maurecat . . 785-789 Brother-in-law of Aurelio. Bermudo . . 789-792 Bastard son of Alphonso I. Alphonso II. 792-842 Called the Deacon, descendant of Ramiro I. 842-85o Alphonso I., reigned for a very Ordoiio I. . 850-866 short time, and retired to a Alphonso III. 866-914 religious house. Called the Chaste, son of Froila. Was perhaps chosen in opposi- tion to Bermudo. Son of Bermudo the Deacon. Son of Ramiro. Son of Ordono. Ataulf 410-415 Sigeric 415 Wallia 415-419 Thcodoric I. 419-451 Thorismund 451-453 Thcodoric II. 453-466 Euric 466-485 Alaric II. 485-507 Gesalic 507-511 Amalaric 507-531 Period of the small kingdoms, unions, separations and reunions; the sons of Alphonso III. having rebelled, and forced a division of the kingdom near the close of the king's reign
CHRONOLOGY (Gr. xpovo?oyfa, computation of time, xp...

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