Online Encyclopedia

CICERONE

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V06, Page 360 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CICERONE, a guide, one who conducts visitors to museums, galleries, &c., and explains matters of archaeological, antiquarian, historic or artistic interest. The word is presumably taken from Marcus Tullius Cicero, as a type of learning and eloquence. The New English Dictionary finds examples of the use earlier in English than Italian, the earliest quotation being from Addison's Dialogues on Medals (published posthumously i 726). It appears that the word was first applied to " learned antiquarians who show and explain to foreigners the antiquities and curiosities of the country " (quotation of 1762 in the New English Dictionary).
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