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LINES OF CIRCUMVALLATION (from Lat. c...

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Originally appearing in Volume V06, Page 390 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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LINES OF CIRCUMVALLATION (from Lat. circum, round, and vallum, a rampart), in fortification, a continuous circle of entrenchments surrounding a besieged place. " Lines of Contravallation " were similar works by which the besieger protected himself against the attack of a relieving army from any quarter. These continuous lines of circumvallation and contravallation were used only in the days of small armies and small fortresses, and both terms are now obsolete.
End of Article: LINES OF CIRCUMVALLATION (from Lat. circum, round, and vallum, a rampart)
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