See also:Italian physician and patriot, was
See also:born at Grumo in the
See also:kingdom of Naples . Appointed while yet a
See also:young man to a botanical professorship,
See also:Cirillo went some years afterwards to England, where he was elected
See also:fellow of the Royal Society, and to France . On his return to Naples he was appointed successively to the chairs of
See also:practical and theoretical
See also:medicine . He wrote voluminously and well on scientific subjects and secured an extensive medical practice, On the French occupation of Naples and the proclamation of the Parthenopean republic (1799), Cirillo, after at first refusing to take
See also:part in the new
See also:government, consented to be chosen a representative of the
See also:people and became a member of the legislative commission, of which he was eventually elected
See also:president . On the
See also:abandonment of the republic by the French (
See also:June 1799),
See also:Ruffo and the army of
See also:Ferdinand IV. returned to Naples, and the Republicans withdrew,
See also:ill-armed and inadequately provisioned, to the forts . After a
See also:siege they surrendered on honourable terms,
See also:life and liberty being guaranteed them by the signatures of Ruffo, of Foote, and of Micheroux . But the arrival of Nelson changed the complexion of affairs, and he refused to ratify the capitulation . Secure under the
See also:flag, Ferdinand and his wife, Caroline of
See also:Austria,. showed themselves eager for revenge, and Cirillo was involved with the other republicans in the vengeance of the royal
See also:family . He asked
See also:Hamilton (wife of the British
See also:minister to Naples) to intercede on his behalf, but Nelson wrote in reference to the petition: " Domenico Cirillo, who had been the king's physician, might have been saved, but that he
See also:chose to
See also:play the
See also:fool and lie, denying that he had ever made any speeches against the government, and saying that he only took care of the poor in the hospitals " (Nelson and the Neapolitan
See also:Navy Records Society, 1903) . He was condemned and hanged on the 29th of
See also:October 1799 . Cirillo, whose favourite study was botany, and who was recognized as an entomologist by
See also:left many books, in Latin and Italian, all of them treating of medical and scientific subjects, and all of little value now . Exception must, however, be made in favour of the Virile morali dell' Asino, a pleasant philosophical pamphlet remarkable for its
See also:double charm of sense and
See also:style .
He introduced many medical innovations into Naples, particularly inoculation for smallpox . See C . Giglioli, Naples in 2799 (
See also:London, 1903) ; L . Conforti, Napoli nel 1799 (Naples, 1889) ; C . Tivaroni, L' Italia
See also:durante it dominio francese, vol. ii, pp . 179.204 .
CIRENCESTER (traditionally pronounced Ciceter)
CIRQUE (Lat. circus, ring)
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