Online Encyclopedia

JULES CLARETIE

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V06, Page 436 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JULES CLARETIE ARSE'NE ARNAUD (184o- ), French man of letters and director of the Theatre Francais, was born at Limoges on the 3rd of December 184o. After studying at the lycee Bonaparte in Paris, he became an active journalist, achieving great success as dramatic critic to the Figaro and to the Opinion nationale. He was a newspaper correspondent during the Franco-German War, and during the Commune acted as staff-officer in the National Guard. In 1885 he became director of the Theatre Frangais, and from that time devoted his time chiefly to its administration. He was elected a member of the Academy in 1888, and took his seat in Feburary 1889, being received by Ernest Renan. The long list of his works includes Histoire de la revolution de 1870-1871 (new ed., 5 vols., 1875-1876); Cinq ans apres; l'Alsace et la Lorraine depuis l'annexion (1876); some annual volumes of reprints of his articles in the weekly press, entitled La Vie d Paris; La Vie moderne au thedtre (1868-1869); Moliere, sa vie et son oeuvre 0871); Histoire de la litterature francaise, 900-1900 (2nd ed. 19o5); Candidat! (1887), a novel of contemporary life; Brichanteau, comedien francais (1896); several plays, some of which are based on novels of his own—Les Muscadins(1874) , Le Regiment de Champagne(1877), Les Mirabeau (1879), Monsieur le ministre (1883), and others; and the opera, La Navarraise, based on his novel La Cigarette, and written with Henri Cain to the music of Massenet. La Navarraise was first produced at Covent Garden (June 1894) with Mme Calve in the part of Anita. His Euvres completes were published in 1897-1904.
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