See also:English mineralogist and traveller, was
See also:born at Willingdon,
See also:Sussex, on the 5th of
See also:June 1769, and educated first at
See also:Tonbridge . In 1786 he obtained the
See also:office of
See also:chapel clerk at Jesus
See also:College, Cambridge, but the loss of his
See also:father at this
See also:time involved him in difficulties . In 1790 he took his degree, and soon after became private tutor to
See also:Henry Tufton,
See also:nephew of the duke of Dorset . In 1792 he obtained an engagement to travel with
See also:Berwick through Germany,
See also:Switzerland and Italy . After
See also:crossing the
See also:Alps, and visiting a few of the
See also:principal cities of Italy, including Rome, he went to Naples, where he remained nearly two years . Having returned to England in the summer of 1794, he became tutor in several distinguished families . In 1799 he set out with a Mr Cripps on a tour through the continent of
See also:Europe, beginning with Norway and Sweden, whence they proceeded through Russia and the
See also:Crimea to Constantinople, Rhodes, and afterwards to
See also:Egypt and
See also:Palestine . After the capitulation of Alexandria,
See also:Clarke was of considerable use in securing for England the statues, sarcophagi, maps,
See also:manuscripts, &c., which had been collected by the French savants .
See also:Greece was the ccuntry next visited . From Athens the travellers proceeded by
See also:land to Constantinople, and after a
See also:short stay in that city directed their course homewards through
See also:Austria, Germany and France . Clarke, who had now obtained considerable reputation, took up his residence at Cambridge . He received the degree of LL.D. shortly after his return in 1803, on account of the valuable donations, including a
See also:colossal statue of the Eleusinian
See also:Ceres, which he had made to the university .
He was also presented to the college living of Harlton, near
See also:bridge, in 1805, to which, four years later, his father-in-
See also:law added that of Yeldham . Towards the end of 18o8 Dr Clarke was appointed to the professorship of
See also:mineralogy in Cambridge, then first instituted . Nor was his perseverance as a traveller otherwise unrewarded . The
See also:MSS. which he had collected in the course of his travels were sold to the Bodleian library for £1000; and by the publication of his travels he realized altogether a clear profit of £6595 . Besides lecturing on mineralogy and discharging his clerical duties, Dr Clarke eagerly prosecuted the study of chemistry, and made several discoveries, principally by means of the
See also:pipe, which he had brought to a highdegree of perfection . He was also appointed university librarian in 1817, and was one of the founders of the Cambridge Philosophical Society in 1819 . He died in
See also:London on the 9th of
See also:March 1822 . The following is a
See also:list of his principal
See also:works:—Testimony of Authors respecting the Colossal Statue of Ceres in the Public Library, Cambridge (8vo, 1801–1803); The
See also:Tomb of
See also:Alexander, a Dissertation on the Sarcophagus brought from Alexandria, and now in the
See also:British Museum (4to, 1805); A Methodical Distribution of the
See also:Kingdom (fol., Lewes, 1807); A Description of the Greek
See also:Marbles brought from the Shores of the Euxine,
See also:Archipelago and Mediterranean, and deposited in the University Library, Cambridge (8vo, 1809); Travels in various Countries of Europe,
See also:Asia and Africa (4to, 1810–1819; 2nd ed., 1811–1823) . See
See also:Life and Remains, by Rev . W .
See also:Otter (1824) .
CHARLES COWDEN CLARKE (1787-1877)
JAMES FREEMAN CLARKE (1810–1888)
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