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Originally appearing in Volume V18, Page 522 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CLASS III.—With Sulphate of Soda varying from 5.2 to 2 in amount, and Carbonate of Soda varying from 3.55 to 0.51 in amount. Locality. Height Therapeutic Uses. in Ft. Elster, Saxony 1460 3 Action on abdominal organs, female complaints. Marienbad, Bohemia. 1012 1)o. ; special use in obesity. Franzensbad, do. . . 1293 Do. ; specially a ladies' bath. Tarasp, Lower Engadine 4000 Powerful action on abdomi- nal viscera. Carlsbad, Bohemia (121° Gout, liver affections, biliary -164° F .) . . . ( 1200 3 and renal calculi, diabetes. them are stronger than the Hunyadi, of which an analysis has been given in Table I. They are easily imitated. Some of the best-known are Ofen, Pullna, Saidschutz, Friedrichshall, Birmerstorff, Kissingen. Two other classes of waters demand a few words of notice.- The French have much faith in the presence of minute quantities of arsenic in some of their springs, and trace arsenical effects,in those who drink them, and some French authors have established a class of arsenical waters. Bourboule in Auvergne is the strongest of them, and is said to contain i'-2th of a grain of arseniate of soda in 7 oz. of water. Baden-Baden, according to Bunsen's latest analysis, has a right to be considered an arsenical water. It is, however, extremely doubtful whether the small amounts of, arseniate of soda which have been detected, accompanied as they are by preponderating amounts of other salts, have any actual operation on the system. The following are among the most noted springs: Bourboule, Mont Dore, Royat, Salies (Bigorres), Plombieres, Baden-Baden. Of late years lithium has been discovered in the waters of Baden-Baden; and various other places boast of the amount of that sub-stance in their springs. Indeed a new bath has been established at Assmannshausen on the Rhine in consequence of the discovery of a weak alkaline spring containing some lithium. Not very much is known of the action of lithium in ordinary medicine, and it undoubtedly does not exist in medicinal doses even in the strongestsprings. Among these springs are those of Baden-Baden, Assmannshausen, Elster, Royat, Ballston Spa, and Saratoga (U.S.). Designation and Locality. Therapeutic Application. Lebanon, Columbia co., N.Y. (73° F.) . . . . Scrofulous ulcers and oph- thalmia, ozoena, chronic Healing, Bath co., Va. (88- F.) diarrhoea and dysen- tery, secondary and Chronic tertiary syphilis. - and subacute Warm, Bath co., Va. (98* F.) rheumatism, gout, neur- F, Chronic algia, nephritic and calculous diseases. rheumatism, gout, Hot, Bath co., Va. (Ito° F.) diseases of liver, neur- t algia, contractions of [ Paso Robles, San Luis Obispo - joints. co., Cal. (122° F.) Dartrous diseases of skin, Hot, co., Ark. (93–1500 Cal Calculus, Gettysburg, Adams co., Penn. • I functional diseases of Sweet, Monroe co., W. Va.(74°F.) L uterus, chronic mer- curial and lead poison- ing. catarrh of stomach gravel or , bladder, dyspepsia. ' Gravel, dyspepsia (diu- o Berkeley, Morgan co., W. Va. retie, diaphoretic). Neuralgia (restorative). (74° F) ^y Alleghany, Montgomery co., Va. Purgative, diuretic. U Bethesda, Waukesha co., Wis. . Diabetes mellitus, gravel, Lower Blue Lick, Nicholas co., inflammation of blad- K der, dropsy, albumin- Sharon, Schoharie co., N.Y. uria (diuretic). Aperient and alterative. Do. do: a . Dartrous skin diseases, White Sulphur, Greenbrier co., diseases of the bladder, S jaundice, dyspepsia. Salt Sulphur, Monroe co., W. Va. Do.; scrofula and syphilis. {= f Anaemia, gravel, calculus Bedford, Bedford co., Penn. a (strongly diuretic). Rheumatism, gout, scro- ' St Catharines, Ontario, Canada fula, neuralgia. 0 . Caledonia, Ontario, Canada . Rheumatism, gout. E Hathorne, Saratoga, N. Y. Dyspepsia, jaundice, ab- ti. Ballston, Saratoga co., N. Y. . dominal dominal plethora. al Oak-Orchard Acid, Genesee Do. do. do. co., N. Y Ulcers, diseases of the Rawley, Rockingham co., Va. . skin, passive haemor- Sweet Chalybeate, Alleghany rhages, atonic diarrhoea co., Va. { (has to grains of free Rockbridge Alum, Rockbridge sulphuric acid in the co., Va pint). Cooper's Well, Hinds co., Miss. Chlorosis and anaemia Crab Orchard, Lincoln co., Ky. generally; tonic. Midland, Midland co., Mich. Do. do. do. Bladen, Choctaw co., Ala. (car- Scrofula, chronic diar- bonated alkaline) rhoea. Congress, Santa Clara co., Cal. A n a'e m i a, c h l o r o s i s, (saline-alkaline) chronic diarrhoea, St Louis, Gratiot co., Mich. dropsy. (simple alkaline) ( Dyspepsia, neuralgia, 5l chronic and subacute rheumatism.
End of Article: CLASS III

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