Online Encyclopedia

CLINOHEDRAL

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V07, Page 579 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CLINOHEDRAL CLASS (Hemihedral; Domatic). Crystals of this class are symmetrical only with respect to a single plane. The only form which is here geometrically the same as in the holosymmetric class is the clino-pinacoid {o10}. The forms perpendicular to the plane of symmetry are all pedions, consisting of single planes with the indices (100), (Too), (o01), (ooi), (hol), &c. The remaining forms, {hko} ,(okl) and (hkl), are domes or " gonioids " (yc,via, an angle, and elbos, form), consisting of two planes equally inclined to the plane of symmetry. Examples are potassium tetrathionate (K2S406), hydrogen trisodium hypophosphate (HNaaP208.9H2O); and amongst minerals, clinohedrite (H2ZnCaSiO4) and scolectite. 5. ANORTHIC SYSTEM (Triclinic). In the anorthic (from av, privative, and bpOos, right) or triclinic system none of the three crystallographic axes are at right angles, and they are all of unequal lengths. In addition to the parameters a : b : c, it is necessary to know the angles, a, ft, and y, between the axes. In anorthite, for example, these elements are a : b : c= 0.6347 : I :0.5501; a=93° 13', 19=115° 55', 7=91° 12'.
End of Article: CLINOHEDRAL
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