COCHABAMBA , acity of
See also:Bolivia, capital of the department of the same name and of the province of Cercado, situated on the Rocha, a small tributary of the Guapay
See also:river, in
See also:lat . 17° 27' S. and long . 65° 46' W . Pop . (1900) 21,886, mostly
See also:Indians and mestizos . The city stands in a broad valley of the Bolivian
See also:plateau, 8400 ft. above
See also:sea-level, overshadowed by the
See also:snow-clad heights of Tunari and Larati, 291 M.
See also:north-north-west of
See also:Sucre and 132 M. east-north-east of
See also:Oruro, with both of which places it is connected by rough
See also:mountain roads . A subsidized stage-
See also:line runs to Oruro . A contract for a railway between the two cities was made in 1906, connecting with the
See also:Antofagasta and
See also:Arica lines . The
See also:climate is mild and temperate, and the surrounding
See also:country fertile and cultivated . Cochabamba is often described as the most progressive city of Bolivia, but it has been held back by its isolated situation . The warehouses of the city are well supplied with
See also:foreign goods, and
See also:trade is active in spite of high prices . The city is provided with telegraphic communication via Oruro, and enjoys a large
See also:part of the
See also:Amazon trade through some small river ports on tributaries of the
See also:Mamore .
The city is regularly laid out, and contains many attractive residences surrounded by gardens . It is an episcopal city (since 1847), containing many churches, four conventual establishments, and a missionary
See also:college of the " Propaganda Fide " for the conversion of Indians . The city has a university and two colleges, but they are poorly equipped and receive very little support from the
See also:government . Cochabamba was founded in the 16th century, and for a
See also:time was called Oropesa . It took an active part in the " war of independence," the
See also:women distinguishing themselves in an attack on the
See also:camp in 1815, and some of them being put to
See also:death in 1818 by the Spanish forces . In 1874 the city was seized and partly destroyed by
See also:Miguel Aguirre, but in general its isolated situation has been a
See also:protection against the disorders which have convulsed Bolivia since her independence .
COCENTAINA (pop: 1900, 7093)
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