See also:king of Hungary, was the son of King Geza of Hungary by a Greek concubine . King
See also:Ladislaus would have made the
See also:book-loving youth a
See also:monk, and even design,ted him for the see of Eger; but
See also:Coloman had no inclination for an ecclesiastical career, and, with the assistance of his friends, succeeded in escaping to Poland . On the
See also:death of Ladislaus (1095), he returned to Hungary and seized the
See also:crown, passing over his legitimately
See also:born younger
See also:brother Almos, the son of the Greek princess Sinadene . Almos did not submit to this usurpation, and was more or less of an active
See also:rebel till 1108, when the emperor
See also:Henry V. espoused his cause and invaded Hungary . The Germans were unsuccessful; but Coloman thought
See also:fit to be reconciled with his kinsman and restored to him his estates . Five years later, however, fearing lest his brother might stand in the way of his
See also:heir, the
See also:Stephen, Coloman imprisoned Almos and his son Bela in a monastery and had them blinded . Despite his adoption of these barbarous
See also:Byzantine methods, Coloman was a
See also:good king and a wise ruler . In
See also:foreign affairs he preserved the policy of St Ladislaus by endeavouring to provide Hungary with her greatest need, a suitable seaboard . In 1097 he overthrew
See also:Peter, king of Croatia, and acquired the greater
See also:part of Dalmatia, though here he encountered formidable rivals in the Greek and German emperors, Venice, the
See also:pope and the Norman-
See also:Italian dukes, all equally interested in the
See also:fate of that province, so that Coloman had to proceed cautiously in his expansive policy . By 1102, however,
See also:Zara, Trafi, Spalato and all the islands as far as the Cetina were in his hands . But it was as a legislator and
See also:administrator that Coloman was greatest (see HUNGARY:
See also:History) . He was not only one of the most learned, but also one of the most states-manlike sovereigns of the earlier
See also:middle ages .
Coloman wastwice married, (I) in 1097 to Buzella, daughter ofRoger, duke of
See also:Calabria, the chief supporter of the pope, and (2) in 1112 to the
See also:Russian princess, Euphemia, who played him false and was sent back in disgrace to her kinsfolk the following
See also:year . Coloman died on the 3rd of
See also:February 1116 .
COLOGNE (Ger. Koln, or officially, since 1900, Coln...
PHILIP HOWARD COLOMB (1831-1899)
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