Online Encyclopedia

COLOMAN (so7o-1116)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V06, Page 699 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: del.icio.us del.icio.us it!

COLOMAN (so7o-1116)  , king of Hungary, was the son of King Geza of Hungary by a Greek concubine . King Ladislaus would have made the
See also:
book-loving youth a monk, and even design,ted him for the see of Eger; but Coloman had no inclination for an ecclesiastical career, and, with the assistance of his friends, succeeded in escaping to Poland . On the
See also:
death of Ladislaus (1095), he returned to Hungary and seized the
See also:
crown, passing over his legitimately born younger
See also:
brother Almos, the son of the Greek princess Sinadene . Almos did not submit to this usurpation, and was more or less of an active rebel till 1108, when the emperor Henry V. espoused his cause and invaded Hungary . The Germans were unsuccessful; but Coloman thought
See also:
fit to be reconciled with his kinsman and restored to him his estates . Five years later, however, fearing lest his brother might stand in the way of his heir, the infant prince Stephen, Coloman imprisoned Almos and his son Bela in a monastery and had them blinded . Despite his adoption of these barbarous
See also:
Byzantine methods, Coloman was a good king and a wise ruler . In
See also:
foreign affairs he preserved the policy of St Ladislaus by endeavouring to provide Hungary with her greatest need, a suitable seaboard . In 1097 he overthrew Peter, king of Croatia, and acquired the greater
See also:
part of Dalmatia, though here he encountered formidable rivals in the Greek and German emperors, Venice, the pope and the Norman-
See also:
Italian dukes, all equally interested in the
See also:
fate of that province, so that Coloman had to proceed cautiously in his expansive policy . By 1102, however, Zara, Trafi, Spalato and all the islands as far as the Cetina were in his hands . But it was as a legislator and
See also:
administrator that Coloman was greatest (see HUNGARY:
See also:
History) . He was not only one of the most learned, but also one of the most states-manlike sovereigns of the earlier
See also:
middle ages .

Coloman wastwice married, (I) in 1097 to Buzella, daughter of

Roger, duke of
See also:
Calabria, the chief supporter of the pope, and (2) in 1112 to the
See also:
Russian princess, Euphemia, who played him false and was sent back in disgrace to her kinsfolk the following
See also:
year . Coloman died on the 3rd of
See also:
February 1116 .

End of Article: COLOMAN (so7o-1116)
[back]
COLOGNE (Ger. Koln, or officially, since 1900, Coln...
[next]
PHILIP HOWARD COLOMB (1831-1899)

Additional information and Comments

There are no comments yet for this article.
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.