Online Encyclopedia

COLON

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V06, Page 714 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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COLON. (I) (Gr. KoXov, miswritten and mispronounced as ,c Xov, the term being taken from Ko)tos, curtailed), in anatomy, that part of the greater intestine which extends from the caecum to the rectum (see ALIMENTARY CANAL). (a) (Gr. Kw)wv, a member or part), originally in Greek rhetoric a short clauselonger than the "comma," hence a mark (:), in punctuation, used to show a break in construction greater than that marked by the semicolon (;), and less than that marked by the period or full stop. The sign is also used in psalters and the like to mark off periods for chanting. The word is applied in palaeography to a unit of measure in MSS., amounting in length to a hexameter line.
End of Article: COLON
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