COLOSSAE , once the
See also:great city of south-west
See also:Phrygia, was situated on rising ground (1150 ft.) on -the
See also:bank of the Lycus (Churuk Su), a tributary of the Maeander, at the upper end of a narrow
See also:gorge 2 z M. long, where the
See also:river runs between cliffs from 50 to 6o ft. high . It stood on the great
See also:trade route from
See also:Sardis to
See also:Celaenae and
See also:Iconium, and was a large, prosperous city (Herod . 30;
See also:Xenophon, Anab. i . 2, § 6), until it was ruined by the foundation of Laodicea in a more advantageous position . The
See also:town was celebrated for its wool, which was dyed a
See also:colour called colossinus . Colossae was the seat of an early Christian
See also:church, the result of St Paul's activity at Ephesus, though perhaps actually founded by Epaphras . The church, to which St Paul wrote a
See also:letter, was mainly composed of mingled Greek and Phrygian elements deeply imbued with fantastic and fanatical mysticism . Colossae lasted until the 7th and 8th centuries, when it was gradually deserted under pressure of the Arab invasions . Its place was taken by Khonae (Khonas)—a strong fortress on a rugged
See also:spur of Mt . Kadmus, 3 M. to the south, which became a place of importance during the
See also:wars between the Byzantines and
See also:Turks, and was the birthplace of the historian, Nicetas Khoniates . The worship of angels alluded to by St Paul (Col. ii . 18), and condemned in the 4th century by a council at Laodicea, reappears in the later worship of St Michael, in whose
See also:honour a celebrated church, destroyed by the
See also:Seljuks in the 12th century, was built on the right bank of the Lycus .
See also:Sir W . M .
See also:Ramsay, Cities and Bishoprics of Phrygia, vol. i .
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.