See also:Antoninus, emperor of Rome, son of Marcus Aurelius and
See also:Faustina, was
See also:born at Lanuvium on the 31st of
See also:August 161 . In spite of a careful
See also:education he soon showed a fondness for low society and amusement . At the age of fifteen he was associated by his
See also:father in the
See also:government . Oh the
See also:death of Aurelius, whom he had accompanied in the war against the Quadi and Marcomanni, he hastily concluded peace and hurried back to Rome (18o) . The first years of his reign were uneventful, but in 183 he was attacked by an assassin at the instigation of his
See also:sister Lucilla and many members of the
See also:senate, which
See also:felt deeply insulted by the contemptuous manner in which Commodus treated it . From this
See also:time he became tyrannical . Many distinguished Romans were put to death as implicated in the
See also:conspiracy, and others were executed for no reason at all . The
See also:treasury was exhausted by lavish
See also:expenditure on gladiatorial and
See also:wild beast combats and on the soldiery, and the
See also:property of the wealthy was confiscated . At the same time Commodus, proud of his bodily strength and dexterity, exhibited himself in the
See also:arena, slew wild animals and fought with gladiators, and commanded that he should be worshipped as the
See also:Roman Hercules . Plots against his
See also:life naturally began to
See also:spring up . That of his favourite Perennis,
See also:praefect of the praetorian guard, was discovered in time . The next danger was from the
See also:people, who were infuriated by the dearth of corn .
See also:mob repelled the praetorian guard, but the execution of the hated
See also:minister Cleander quieted the tumult . The attempt also of the daring highwayman Maternus to seize the
See also:empire was betrayed; but at last Eclectus the emperor's
See also:chamberlain, Laetus the praefect of the
See also:praetorians, and his
See also:mistress Marcia, finding their names on the
See also:list of those doomed to death,
See also:united to destroy him . He was poisoned, and then strangled by a wrestler named
See also:Narcissus, on the 31st of
See also:December 192 . During his reign unimportant
See also:wars were success-fully carried on by his generals
See also:Clodius Albinus, Pescennius Niger and Ulpius
See also:Marcellus . The frontier of
See also:Dacia was success-fully defended against the Scythians and Sarmatians, and a
See also:tract of territory reconquered in
See also:north Britain . In 1874 a statue of Commodus was dug up at Rome, in which he is represented as Hercules—a lion's skin on his
See also:head, a
See also:club in his right and the apples of the
See also:Hesperides in his
See also:hand . See Aelius Lampridius, Herodian, and fragments in Dio Cassius; H . Schiller, Geschchte der romischen Kaiserzeit ; J . Ziircher, " Commodus " (1868, in Budinger's Untersuchungen zur romischen Kaisergeschichte, a
See also:criticism of Herodian's account); Pauly-Wissowa, Realencydopadie, ii . 2464 if . (von Rohden) ; Heer, " Der historische Wert
See also:des Vita Commodi " (Philologus, Supplementband ix.) .
COMMODORE (a form of " commander"; in the 17th cent...
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