Online Encyclopedia

COMMUNE (Med. Lat. communia, Lat. com...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V06, Page 784 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: del.icio.us del.icio.us it!
COMMUNE (Med. Lat. communia, Lat. communis, common), in its most general sense, a group of persons acting together for purposes of self-government, especially in towns. (See BOROUGH, and COMMUNE, MEDIEVAL, below.) " Commune " (Fr. commune, Ital. comune, Ger. Gemeinde, &c.) is now the term generally applied to the smallest administrative division in many European countries. (See the sections dealing with the administration of these countries under their several headings.) " The Commune" is the name given to the period of the history of Paris from March 18 to May 28, 1871, during which the commune of Paris attempted to set up its authority against the National Assembly at Versailles. It was a political movement, intended to replace the centralized national organization by one based on a federation of communes. Hence the " communists " were also called " federalists." It had nothing to do with the social theories of Communism (q.v.). (See FRANCE: History.)
End of Article: COMMUNE (Med. Lat. communia, Lat. communis, common)
[back]
COMMONWEALTH
[next]
MEDIEVAL COMMUNE

Additional information and Comments

There are no comments yet for this article.
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.