PRINCES OF CONDE . TheFrench title of
See also:prince of Conde, assumed from the
See also:town of Conde-sur-l'Escaut, was
See also:borne by a branch of the
See also:house of Bourbon . The first who assumed it was the famous Huguenot
See also:Louis de Bourbon (see below), the fifth son of
See also:Charles de Bourbon, duke of Vendome . His son,
See also:Henry, prince of Conde (15522-1588), also belonged to the Huguenot party . Fleeing to Germany he raised a small army with which in 1575 he joined
See also:Alencon . He became leader of the
See also:Huguenots, but after several years' fighting was taken prisoner of war . Not long after he died of
See also:poison, administered, according 3
See also:Bracton, De Legibus,
See also:lib. iii.
See also:tract. ii. c . 28, § 1, and lib. iv. tract. vi. c . 8, § 4 . 4 F .
See also:Pollock and F . W .
See also:Maitland, Hist. of
See also:Law, 2nd ed. vol. ii. p . 37o . In the case of
See also:Richard de Anesty, decided by papal rescript in 1148, " a
See also:marriage solemnly celebrated in
See also:church, a marriage of which a
See also:child had been
See also:born, was set aside as null in favour of an earlier marriage constituted by a mere
See also:exchange of consenting words " (ibid. p . 367; cf. the similar decretal of
See also:Alexander III. on p . 371) . The
See also:canon lawyer hyndwood illustrates the difficulty of distinguishing, even as
See also:late as the
See also:middle of the 15th century, between concubinage and a clandestine, though legal, marriage . He falls back on the definition of an earlier canonist that if the woman eats out of the same dish with the man, and if he takes her to church, she may be presumed to be his wife; if, however, he sends her to draw
See also:water and dresses her in vile clothing, she is probably a concubine (Provinciale, ed . Oxon . 1679, p. to, s.v. concubinarios) . 5 It may be gathered from the Dominican C . L . Richard's Analysis Conciliorum (vol. ii., 1778) that there were more than 110 such complaints in
See also:councils and synods between the years 1009 and 1528 .
Dr Rashdall (
See also:Universities of
See also:Europe in the Middle Ages, vol. ii. p . 691, note) points out that a
See also:master of the university of
See also:Prague, in 1499, complained openly to the authorities against a
See also:bachelor for assaulting his concubine . to the belief of his contemporaries, by his wife, Catherine de la Tremouille . This event, among others, awoke strong suspicions as to the
See also:legitimacy of his
See also:heir and namesake, Henry, prince of Conde (1588-1646) .
See also:King Henry IV., however, did not take
See also:advantage of the
See also:scandal . In 1609 he caused the prince of Conde to marry
See also:Charlotte de Montmorency, whom shortly after Conde was obliged to save from the king's persistent gallantry by a hasty
See also:flight, first to Spain and then to Italy . On the
See also:death of Henry, Conde returned to France, and intrigued against the
See also:Marie de' Medici; but he was seized, and imprisoned for three years (1616-1619) . There was at that
See also:time before the
See also:court a plea for his
See also:divorce from his wife, but she now devoted herself to enliven his' captivity at the cost of her own liberty . During the
See also:rest of his
See also:life Conde was a faithful servant of the king . He strove to blot out the memory of the Huguenot connexions of his house by affecting the greatest zeal against Protestants . His old ambition changed into a
See also:desire for the safe aggrandizement of his
See also:family, which he magnificently achieved, and with that end he bowed before
See also:Richelieu, whose niece he forced his son to marry . His son Louis, the great Conde, is separately noticed below .
The next insuccession was Henry Jules, prince of Conde (1643-1709), the son of the great Conde and of Clemence de Maine, niece of Richelieu . He fought with distinction under his
See also:father in Franche-Comte and the Low Countries; but he was heartless, avaricious and undoubtedly insane . The end of his life was marked by singular hypochondriacal fancies . He believed at one time that he was dead, and refused to eat till some of his attendants dressed in sheets set him the example . His
See also:grandson, Louis Henry, duke of Bourbon (1692-1740), Louis XV.'s
See also:minister, did not assume the title of prince of Conde which properly belonged to him . The son of the duke of Bourbon, Louis
See also:Joseph, prince of Conde (1736-1818), of ter receivinga
See also:education, distinguished himself in the Seven Years' War, and most of all by his victory at
See also:Johannisberg . As
See also:governor of
See also:Burgundy he did much to improve the
See also:industries and means of communication of that province . At the Revolution he took up arms in behalf of the king, became
See also:commander of the " army of Conde," and fought In conjunction with the Austrians till the peace of Campo Founio in 1797, being during the last
See also:year in the pay of England . He then served the emperor of Russia in Poland, and after that (1800) returned into the pay of England, and fought in
See also:Bavaria . In 1800 Conde arrived in England, where he resided for several years . On the restoration of Louis XVIII. he returned to France . He died in
See also:Paris in 1818 .
He wrote Essai sur la
See also:vie du
See also:grand Conde (1798) .
LOUIS II CONDE
CONDENSATION OF GASES
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