Online Encyclopedia

SIR MARMADUKE CONSTABLE (c. 1455-1518)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V06, Page 983 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SIR MARMADUKE CONSTABLE (c. 1455-1518)  ,
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English soldier, was descended from a certain Robert (d . 1216), lord of Flamborough, who was related to the Lacys, hereditary constables of Chester, hence the surname of the
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family . A son of
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Sir Robert Constable (d . 1488), Marmaduke was in France with
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Edward IV. in 1475 and with Henry VII. in 1492 . He was
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sheriff of
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Staffordshire and
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Yorkshire, was in high favour with Henry VII. and Henry VIII., and led his kinsmen and retainers to the
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battle of Flodden in 1513 . He was twice married, and
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left several sons when he died on the loth of November 1518 . In Flamborough church one may still read a rhyming epitaph describing Constable's
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life and prowess . Sir Marmaduke's eldest son, Sir Robert Constable (c . 1478-1537), helped Henry VII. to defeat the Cornish rebels at Black-heath in 1497 . In 1536, when the rising known as the Pilgrimage of Grace broke out in the north of England, Constable was one of the insurgent leaders, but towards the close of the
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year he submitted at
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Doncaster and was pardoned . He did not share in the renewal of the rising which took place in
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January 1537; but he refused the king's invitation to proceed to
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London, and was arrested . Tried for treason, he was hanged at Hull in the following
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June .

Sir Marmaduke's second son, Sir Marmaduke Constable (c . 1480-1545), was knighted after the battle of Flodden, and was at the

Field of the
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Cloth of Gold in 1520 . He was a knight of the
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shire for Yorkshire and then for
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Warwickshire, and was a member of the Council of the North from 1537 until his
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death . Another noteworthy member of this family was the regicide, Sir William Constable (d . 1655), who was created a
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baronet in 1611 . A member of the Long Parliament, he fought with distinction among the parliamentarians at Edgehill; in 1644 his military enterprises in north Yorkshire were very successful, and later he guarded the king at
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Carisbrooke, and was governor of Gloucester .

End of Article: SIR MARMADUKE CONSTABLE (c. 1455-1518)
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