See also:prince of
See also:Moldavia, 1685-1693 . He was a
See also:good and conscientious ruler, who protected the
See also:people from the rapacity of the tax-gatherers and introduced peace into his
See also:country . He was succeeded on the
See also:throne by his son
See also:Antioch, who ruled twice, 1696-1700 and 1705-1707 . His youngest
See also:DEMETRIUS Or
See also:CANTEMIR (b .
See also:October 26, 1673), was made prince of Moldavia in 171o; he ruled only one
See also:year, 1710-1711, when he joined
See also:Peter the
See also:Great in his
See also:campaign against the
See also:Turks and placed Moldavia under
See also:suzerainty . Beaten by the Turks, Cantemir emigrated to Russia, where he and his
See also:family finally settled . He died at
See also:Kharkov in 1723 . He was known as one of the greatest linguists of his
See also:time, speaking and writing eleven
See also:languages, and being well versed in
See also:Oriental scholarship . He was a voluminous and
See also:original writer of great sagacity and deep penetration, and his writings range over many subjects . The best known is his
See also:History of the Growth and Decay of the
See also:Empire . He also wrote a history of oriental
See also:music, which is no longer extant; the first critical history of Moldo-
See also:Walachia; the first
See also:geographical, ethnographical and economic description of Moldavia, Descriptio Moldaviae, under the name of Historia Hieroglyphica, to which he furnished a
See also:key, and in which the
See also:principal persons are represented by animals; also the history of the two ruling houses of
See also:Brancovan and
See also:Cantacuzino; and a philosophical
See also:treatise on the old theme of the disputation between soul and
See also:body, written in Greek and Rumanian under the title Divanul Lumii . The latter's son, ANTIOCH CANTEMIR (
See also:born in Moldavia, 1700; died in
See also:Paris, 1744), became in 1731 Russian
See also:minister in Great Britain, and in 1736 minister plenipotentiary in Paris .
He brought to
See also:London the Latin MS. from whence the
See also:translation of his
See also:father's history of the
See also:Turkish empire was made by N .
See also:Tindal, London, 1756, to which he added an exhaustive biography and bibliography of the author (pp . 455-460) . He was a Russian poet and almost the first author of satires in
See also:modern Russian literature .
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