See also:HERVEY ISLANDS, an
See also:archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, lying mainly between 155° and 16o° E., and about 2o° S.; a dependency of the
See also:British colony of New Zealand . It comprises nine partly volcanic, partly coralline, islands, the more important of which are Rarotonga, hilly, fertile and well watered, with several cones 300 to 400 ft. high, above which towers the majestic Rarotonga
See also:volcano (2920 ft.), the culminating point of the archipelago; Mangaia (Mangia); Aitutaki, with luxuriant
See also:nut palm groves; Atui (Vatui); Mitiero; Mauki; Fenuaiti; and the two Hervey Islets, which give an alternative name to the
See also:group . The
See also:area is 111 sq. m . Owing to its healthy, equable
See also:climate, the archipelago is well suited for
See also:European settlement; but the dangerous fringing
See also:coral reefs render it difficult of
See also:access, and it suffers also from the
See also:absence of
See also:good harbours . The natives, who are of Polynesian stock and speech, have legends of their emigration from
See also:Samoa . They say their ancestors found black
See also:people on the islands, and the strongly Melanesian type which is found, especially on Mangaia, supports the statement . The Cook Islanders were formerly man-hunters and cannibals, but they now are nearly all Protestants,
See also:wear European
See also:dress and live in
See also:stone houses . The total population is about 6200 . Since 1899 the islands have enjoyed a general legislature and an executive council of which the Arikis ("
See also:kings " and " queens ") are members . But all enactments are subject to the approval of the British
See also:resident at Rarotonga, and a British
See also:protectorate, proclaimed in 1888, was followed by the annexation of the whole archipelago by the
See also:governor of New Zealand, by proclamation of
See also:June loth, 1901 . The archipelago was discovered by Captain Cook in 1777, andin 1823 became the scene of the remarkable missionary labours of
See also:Williams, of the
See also:London Missionary Society . The chief products of the group are cocoanuts, fruits,
See also:coffee and
See also:copra .
Lime-juice and hats are made .
SIR JOHN COODE (1816–1892)
ALBERT STANBURROUGH COOK (1853– )
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