Online Encyclopedia

COOKTOWN

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V07, Page 76 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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COOKTOWN, a seaport of Banks county, Queensland, Australia, at the mouth of the Endeavour river, about 1050 M. direct N.N.W. of Brisbane. It is visited by the ocean steamers of several lines, and is the centre of a very extensive beche-de-mer and pearl fishery. Tin and gold are worked in the district, in which also good coffee and rice are grown. Cooktown is the port of the Palmer gold-fields, and a railway runs to Laura on the gold-fields, 67 m. W. by S. of Cooktown. It is the chief port of Queensland for the New Guinea trade; and is also the seat of a Roman Catholic vicariate apostolic whose bishop has jurisdiction over the whole of Queensland north of lat. 18° 50'. In 1770 Captain Cook here beached his ship the " Endeavour," to repair the damage caused by her striking a reef in the neighbourhood of the estuary, which he could only clear by throwing his guns overboard. Cooktown became a municipality in 1876. The population of the town and district in 19o1 was 1936.
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WILLIAM COOKWORTHY (1705-178o)

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