See also:British soldier, the son of a clergyman, was
See also:born near
See also:Limerick, and entered the 27th regiment . He saw active service in the Jacobite rising of 1745, and some years later obtained a captaincy in the 39th regiment, which was the first British regiment sent to India . In 1756 a
See also:part of the regiment, then quartered at
See also:Madras, was sent forward to join
See also:Clive in his operations against
See also:Calcutta, which was re-occupied without difficulty, and
See also:Coote was soon given the
See also:rank of major for his
See also:good conduct in the surprise of the Nawah's
See also:camp . Soon afterwards came the
See also:battle of
See also:Plassey, which would in all probability not have taken place but for Coote's soldierlyadvice at the council of war; and after the defeat of the
See also:Nawab he led a detachment in pursuit of the French for 400 M. under extraordinary difficulties . His conduct won him the rank of
See also:lieutenant-colonel and the command of the 84th regiment, newly-raised for
See also:Indian service, but his exertions seriously injured his
See also:health . In
See also:October 1759 Coote's regiment arrived to take part in the decisive struggle between French and
See also:English in the Carnatic . He took command of the forces at Madras, and in 176o led them in the decisive victory of
See also:Wandiwash (
See also:January 22) . After a
See also:time the remnants of
See also:Lally's forces were shut up in
See also:Pondicherry . For some reason Coote was not entrusted with the
See also:siege operations, but he cheerfully and loyally supported
See also:Monson, who brought the siege to a successful end on the 15th of January 1761 . Soon afterwards Coote was given the command of the East India
See also:Company's forces in Bengal, and conducted the settlement of a serious dispute between the Nawab Mir Cassim and a powerful subordinate, and in 1762 he returned to England, receiving a jewelled sword of
See also:honour from the Company and other rewards for his
See also:great services . In 1771 he was made a K.B . In 1779 he returned to India as lieutenant-general commanding in chief .
Following generally the policy of
See also:Warren Hastings, he nevertheless refused to take sides in the quarrels of the council, and made a
See also:firm stand in all matters affecting the forces . Hyder
See also:Ali's progress in
See also:southern India called him again into the
See also:field, but his difficulties were very great and it was not until the 1st of
See also:June 1781 that the crushing and decisive defeat of
See also:Porto Novo struck the first heavy
See also:blow at Hyder's schemes . The battle was won by Coote under most unfavourable conditions against odds of five to one, and is justly ranked as one of the greatest feats of the British in India . It was followed up by another hard-fought battle at Pollilur (the scene of an earlier
See also:triumph of Hyder over a British force) on the 27th of
See also:August, in which the British won another success, and • by the rout of the
See also:Mysore troops at Sholingarh a
See also:month later . His last service was the arduous
See also:campaign of 1782, which finally shattered a constitution already gravely impaired by hardship and exertions .
See also:Sir Eyre Coote died at Madras on the 28th of
See also:April 1783 . A
See also:monument was erected to him in
See also:Westminster Abbey . For a
See also:short biography of Coote see Twelve British Soldiers (ed .
See also:London, 1899), and for the battles of Wandewash and Porto Novo, consult
See also:Malleson, Decisive Battles of India (London, 1883) . An account of Coote may be found in Wilk's
See also:Historical Sketches of Mysore (181o) .
COPAIBA, or COPAIVA (from Brazilian cupauba)
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