CORK , acity,
See also:county of a city,
See also:parliamentary and municipal
See also:borough and seaport of Co . Cork,
See also:Ireland, at the
See also:head of the magnificent inlet of Cork
See also:Harbour, on the
See also:Lee, 1652 m . S.W. of
See also:Dublin by the
See also:Southern & Western railway . Pop . (1901) 76,122 . Until the
See also:middle of the 19th century it ranked second only to Dublin, but is now surpassed by
See also:Belfast in commercial importance . It is the centre of a considerable
See also:Miles Contours nt ioteruals of 100 feet T 478 Based on information embodied from the
See also:Ordnance Survey, by permission of the Controller of H . M .
See also:Office . designed by
See also:Thomas Deane, occupies a beautiful site on the river in the west of the city, where Gill Abbey, of the 7th century, formerly stood . It is a
See also:building in Tudor
See also:Style, " worthy," said Macaulay, "to stand in the High Street of
See also:Oxford." A large library, museum and well-furnished laboratory are here . The
See also:Crawford School of Science (1885); and the Munster
See also:Dairy and Agricultural School, 1 m. west of the city, also claim
See also:notice; while besides parochial and
See also:schools several of the religious orders located here devote themselves to
See also:education .
The Cork library (founded 1790) contains a valuable collection of books . The Royal Cork Institution (1807), in addition to an extensive library and a rare collection of
See also:MSS., possesses a valuable collection of minerals, and the collections of casts from the
See also:antique presented by the
See also:pope to
See also:George IV . There are numerous
See also:literary and scientific
See also:societies, including the Cork Cuvierian and Archaeological Society . The
See also:principal clubs are the County and the Southern in South Mall, and the City in
See also:Parade; while for
See also:sport there are the Cork
See also:Club, Little
See also:Island, three rowing clubs, and the Royal Munster and Royal Cork Yacht clubs, the latter located at Queenstown . The theatres are the
See also:house in Nelson's Place, and the Theatre Royal . The
See also:country neighbouring to Cork is highly attractive . The harbour, with the ceaseless activity of
See also:shipping, its
See also:waters, sheltered by many islands, and its well-wooded shores studded with pleasant watering-places, affords a series of charming views, apart from its claim to be considered one of the finest natural harbours in the
See also:kingdom . Military depots occupy several of the smaller islets, and three batteries guard the entry . This is about i m. wide, but within the width increases to 3 m. while the length is about 10 m . The
See also:port of Queenstown (q.v.) is on Great Island at the head of the
See also:outer harbour .
See also:Tivoli (the residence of Sir Walter Raleigh), Fort
See also:William, Lota
See also:Park, and Blackrock
See also:Castle are notable features on the
See also:shore; and Passage, Blackrock, Glenbrook and Monkstown are watersideresorts . Inland from Cork runs the picturesque valley of the Lee, and low hills surround the commanding situation of the port .
The harbour is by far the most important on the south
See also:coast of Ireland, and dredging operations render the quays approach-able for vessels
See also:drawing 20 ft. at all states of the
See also:tide . Its
See also:trade is mainly with
See also:Bristol and the ports of South
See also:Wales . The imports, exceeding £1,000,000 in
See also:annual value; include large quantities of wheat and
See also:maize, while the exports (about L9000 annually) are chiefly of
See also:cattle, provisions,
See also:butter and
See also:fish . The Cork Butter
See also:Exchange, where
See also:classification of the various qualities is carried out by branding under the inspection of experts, was important in the early
See also:part of the 17th century, and an unbroken series of accounts
See also:dates from 1769 when the
See also:present market was founded . There are distilleries, breweries, tanneries and iron foundries in the city; and manufactures of woollen and
See also:leather goods, tweeds, friezes, gloves and chemical manure . Nearly six-sevenths of the population are
See also:Roman Catholics . The city does not
See also:share with the county the rapid decrease of population . It is governed by a
See also:lord mayor, 14 aldermen and 42 councillors . The parliamentary borough returns two members . The
See also:original site of Cork seems to have been in the vicinity of the
See also:cathedral; St Finbar's ecclesiastical foundation attracting many students and votaries . In the 9th century the
See also:town was frequently pillaged by the Northmen . According to the
See also:Annals of the Four Masters a
See also:fleet burned Cork in 820; in 846 the Danes appear to have been in possession of the town, for a force was collected to demolish their fortress; and in 1012 Cork again fell in flames .
The Danes then appear to have founded the new city on the
See also:banks of the Lee as a trading centre . It was anciently surrounded with a
See also:wall, an
See also:order for the reparation of which is found so
See also:late as 1748 in the city council books (which date from 161o) . Submission and homage were made to
See also:Henry II. on his arrival in 1172, and subsequently the English held the town for a long
See also:period against the Irish, by
See also:constant and careful
See also:watch . Cork showed favour to Perkin
See also:Warbeck in 1492, and its mayor was hanged in consequence . In 1649 it surrendered to
See also:Cromwell, and in 1689 to the
See also:earl of
See also:Marlborough after five days'
See also:siege, when Henry, duke of Grafton, wasmortallywounded . • Cork was a borough by
See also:prescription, and successive charters were granted to it from the reign of Henry II. onward . By a
See also:charter of
See also:Edward IV. the lord mayor of Corkwascreatedadmiral of the port, and this office is manifested in a triennial ceremony in which the mayor throws a dart over the harbour . See C .
See also:Ancient and Present State of the County and City of Cork (I75o), edited by R .
See also:Day and W . A . Copinger (Cork, 1893) C .
See also:History of the City and County of Cork (
See also:London, 1861); M . F . Cusack, History of the City and County of Cork, 1895 .
CORK (perhaps through Sp. corcha from Lat. cortex, ...
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.