Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V07, Page 184 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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COROMANDEL COAST, a name formerly applied officially to the eastern seaboard of India approximately between Cape Calimere, in ro┬░ 17' N., 790 56' E., and the mouths of the Kistna river. The shore, which is low, is without a single good natural harbour, and is at all times beaten by a heavy sea. Communication with ships can be effected only by catamarans and flat-bottomed surf-boats. The north-east monsoon, which lasts from October till April, is exceedingly violent for three months after its commencement. From April till October hot southerly winds blow by day ; at night the heat is tempered by sea-breezes. The principal places frequented by shipping are Pulicat, Madras, Sadras, Pondicherry, Cuddalore, Tranquebar, Nagore, and Negapatam. The name Coromandel is said to be derived from Cholamandal, the mandal or region of the ancient dynasty of the Chola. Its official use has lapsed.
CORONA (Lat. for " crown ")

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