CORPORAL . 1 . (From
See also:Lat. corporalis, belonging to the corpus or
See also:body), an adjective appearing in several expressions, such as " corporal punishment " (see below), or in " corporal
See also:works of mercy," for those acts confined to the succouring of the bodily needs, such as feeding the hungry, visiting the sick, rescuing captives . A " corporal
See also:oath " was sworn with the body in contact with a sacred
See also:object (see OATH) . 2 . (From Lat. corporalis, sc.
See also:palla, or corporale, sc. gallium), in the
See also:Roman Catholic
See also:Church, a small square
See also:cloth, which at the service of the Mass is placed on the
See also:altar under the chalice and paten . It was originally large enough to cover the whole
See also:surface of the altar, and was folded over so as to cover the chalice—a
See also:custom still observed by the
See also:Carthusians . The chalice is now, however, covered by another small square of linen, stiffened withcardboard, &c., known as the
See also:pall (palla) . When not in use both corporal and pall are carried in a square silken
See also:pocket called the burse . The corporal must be blessed by the
See also:bishop, or by a
See also:priest with
See also:special faculties, the ritual prayers invoking the divine blessing that the linen may be worthy to cover and enwrap the body and
See also:blood of the
See also:Lord . It represents the winding-
See also:sheet in which
See also:Joseph of Arimathea wrapped the body of the dead Christ . 3 .
(Of uncertain derivation; theFrench
See also:form caporal, and Ital. caporale, point to an origin from
See also:Italian for
See also:head; the New
See also:Dictionary, however, favours the derivation from Lat. corpus, Ital. corpo, body), a non-commissioned officer of
See also:cavalry and
See also:artillery, ranking below a sergeant . This
See also:rank is almost universal in armies . In the 16th and 17th centuries there were corporals but no sergeants in the cavalry, and this custom is preserved in the three regiments of
See also:household cavalry, the rank of sergeant being replaced by that of " corporal of
See also:horse," and that of sergeant-major by " corporal-major." In the 16th and early 17th centuries the title " corporal of the
See also:field " was often given to a
See also:superior officer who acted as a
See also:staff-officer to the sergeant-major-general . In the
See also:navy the "
See also:ship's corporal," formerly a semi-military instructor to the
See also:crew, is now a
See also:petty officer charged with assisting the
See also:master-at-arms in
See also:police duties on
See also:board ship .
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