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JOSE FRANCISCO CORREA DA SERRA (1750-...

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Originally appearing in Volume V07, Page 194 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOSE FRANCISCO CORREA DA SERRA (1750-1823), Portuguese politician and man of science, was born at Serpa, in Alemtejo, in 1750. Educated at Rome, he took orders under the protection of the duke of Alafoes, uncle of Mary I. of Portugal. In 1777 he returned to Lisbon, where he resided with his patron, with whose assistance he founded the Portuguese Academy of Sciences. Of this institution he was named perpetual secretary, and he received the privilege of publishing its trans-actions without reference to any censor whatever. His use of this right brought him into conflict with the Holy Office; and 2 Nothing caused more offence to Liberal sentiment in France after the Restoration than the spectacle of King Louis XVIII. walking and carrying a candle in the procession through the streets of Paris. I2 '94 consequently in 1786 he fled to France, and remained there till the death of Pedro III., when he again took up his residence with Alafoes. But having given a lodging in the palace to a French Girondist, he was forced to flee to England, where he found a protector in Sir Joseph Banks, and became a member of the Royal Society. In 1797 he was appointed secretary to the Portuguese embassy, but a quarrel with the ambassador drove him once more to Paris (18o2), and in that city he resided till 1813, when he crossed over to New York. In 1816 he was made Portuguese minister-plenipotentiary at Washington, and in 182o he was recalled home, appointed a member of the financial council, and elected to a seat in the Cortes. Three years after, and in the same year with the fall of the constitutional government, he died. Correa da Serra ranks high as a botanist, though he published no great special work. His principal claim to renown is the Colec4ao de livros ineditos da historia Per/ugueza, (4 vols., 179o-1816), an invaluable selection of documents, exceedingly well edited.
End of Article: JOSE FRANCISCO CORREA DA SERRA (1750-1823)
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