See also:town and archiepiscopal see of
See also:Calabria, Italy, the capital of the province of
See also:Cosenza, 755 ft. above
See also:sea-level, 43 M. by
See also:rail S. by W. of Sibari, which is a station on the E.
See also:coast railway between Metaponto and Reggio . Pop . (1901) town, 13,841; commune, 20,857 . It is situated on the slope of a
See also:hill between the Crati and Busento, just above the junction, and is commanded by a
See also:castle (1250 ft.) . The
See also:cathedral, consecrated in 1222, on the site of another ruined by an
See also:earthquake in 1184, goes back to French
See also:models in
See also:Champagne, and is indeed unique in Italy . It contains the Gothic
See also:tomb of Isabella of
See also:Aragon, wife of
See also:Philip III. of France, and also the tomb of
See also:Louis III., duke of
See also:Anjou; but it has been spoilt by restoration both inside and out . S . Domenico has a
See also:rose window . The Palazzo del Tribunale (
See also:law courts) is a fine
See also:building, and the upper town contains several
See also:good houses of
See also:rich proprietors of the province; while the
See also:lower portion is unhealthy . Earthquakes, and a
See also:fire in 1901, have done considerable damage to the town . The
See also:ancient Consentia is first named as the
See also:burial place of
See also:Alexander of
See also:Epirus in about 330 B.C . In 204 it became
See also:Roman, though it was more under the influence of Greek culture .
It is mentioned by
See also:Strabo as the chief town of the Eruttii, and frequently spoken of in classical authors as an important place . It
See also:lay on the Via Popillia . Varro speaks of its
See also:apple trees which gave fruit twice in the
See also:year and Pliny praises its
See also:wine also . It is the more surprising that in the whole of its territory no inscriptions, either Greek or Latin, have ever been found, those that are recorded by some writers being fabrications. in A.D . 410 Alaric fell in
See also:battle here and was buried, it is said, in the
See also:bed of the Busento, which was temporarily diverted and then allowed to resume its natural course . Cosenza became an archbishopric in the 11th century . In 1461 it was taken by Roberto Orsini, and suffered severely . It was the home of a scientific academy founded by the philosopher Bernardino
See also:Telesio (1509–1588) . In 1555–1561 it was the centre of the persecution by the Inquisition of the Waldenses who had settled there towards the end of the 14th century . (T .
ENRICO COSENZ (1812–1898)
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