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COUNT KAROLY ZICHY (1753—1826)

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Originally appearing in Volume V28, Page 979 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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COUNT KAROLY ZICHY (1753—1826) was Austrian war minister in 1809 and minister of the interior in 1813—1814; his son, COUNT FERDINAND (1783—1862) was the Austrian field-marshal condemned to ten years' imprisonment for surrendering Venice to the insurgents in 1848 (he was pardoned in 1851). COUNT ODON [EDMUND] ZICHY (1809—1848), administrator of the county of Veszprem, was hanged on the 30th of September 1848 by order of a Hungarian court-martial, presided over by Gorgei, for acting as Jellachich's emissary to the imperial general Roth. COUNT FERENC ZICHY (1811-1900) was secretary of state for commerce in the Szechenyi ministry of 1848, but retired on the outbreak of the revolution, joined the imperial side, and acted as imperial commissary; from 1874 to 188o he was Austrian ambassador at Constantinople. COUNT ODON ZICHY (1811—1894) was remarkable for his great activity in promoting art and industry in Austria-Hungary; he founded the Oriental Museum in Vienna. His son, COUNT EUGEN ZICHY (b. 1837), inherited his father's notable collections, and followed him in his economic activities; he three times visited the Caucasus and Central Asia to investigate the original seat of the Magyars, publishing as the result Voyages au Caucase (2 vols., Budapest, 1897) and Dritte asiatische Forschungsreise (6 vols., in Magyar and German; Budapest and Leipzig, 1900—1905). COUNT FERDINAND ZICHY (b. 1829), vice-president of the Hungarian stadtholdership under the Mailath regime, was condemned in 1863 under the press laws to the loss of his titles and to imprisonment. In 1867 he was elected- to the Hungarian parliament, at first joining the party of Dealt, and subsequently becoming one of the founders and leaders of the Catholic People's Party (see HUNGARY, History). His second son, COUNT ALADAR ZICHY (b. 1864), also a member of the Catholic People's Party, was made minister of the royal house-hold in the Wekerle cabinet of 1906. COUNT JANOS ZICHY (b. 1868), also from 1896 to 1906 a member of the Catholic People's Party in the Lower House, and after rgo6 attached to Andrassy's Constitutional Party, was of importance as the confidant of the heir to the throne, the Archduke Francis Ferdinand. COUNT GEZA ZICHY (b. 1849), nephew of the Count Ferenc mentioned above, studied under Liszt and be-came a professional pianist; in 1891 he became intendant of the Hungarian national opera-house, a member of the Hungarian Upper House and head of the Conservatoire at Budapest. COUNT MIHALY ZICHY (b. 1829), one of the most conspicuous Hungarian painters, was appointed court painter at St Peters-burg in 1847 and accompanied the Russian emperors on their various journeys. The National Gallery at Budapest possesses some of his paintings, notably that of " Queen Elizabeth before the coffin of Francis Deak "; but he is best known for his illustrations of the works of the great Magyar writers (Petofy, Arany, &c.).
End of Article: COUNT KAROLY ZICHY (1753—1826)
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