See also:Protestant divine, was
See also:born in the
See also:village of Villeneuve-de-
See also:Berg, in the province of the Vivarais . He has been designated the "Restorer of Protestantism in France," and was the organizer of the "
See also:Church of the
See also:Desert." He was eight years old when the Camisard revolt was finally suppressed, and nineteen when on the 8th of
See also:March 1715 the edict of
See also:Louis XIV. was published, declaring that " he had abolished entirely the exercise of the so-called reformed religion" (" qu'il avait aboli tout exercicedelareligion pretenduereform ee") .
See also:Antoine, taken to the secret meetings of the persecuted Calvinists, began, when onlyseventeen, to speak and exhort in these congregations of " the desert." He came to suspect after a
See also:time that many of the so-called " inspired " persons were " dupes of their own zeal and credulity," and decided that it was necessary to organize at once the small communities of believers into properly constituted churches . To the execution of this vast undertaking he devoted his
See also:life . On the 21st of
See also:August 1715 he summoned all the preachers in the
See also:Cevennes and
See also:Languedoc to a
See also:conference or synod near the village of 1\,lonoblet . Here elders were appointed, and the preaching of
See also:women, as well as pretended revelations, was condemned . The village of Monoblet " thus seems entitled to the
See also:honour of having had the first organized Protestant church after the revocation of the edict of Nantes " (H . M .
See also:Baird) . But there were as yet no ordained pastors .
See also:Pierre Corteiz was therefore sent to seek ordination . He was ordained at Zurich, and from him
See also:Court himself received ordination .
Thescene of his labours for fifteen years was Languedoc, the Vivarais, and
See also:Dauphine . His beginnings were very small prayer-meetings in " the desert."
See also:Bit the
See also:work progressed under his wise direction, and he was able " to be
See also:present, in 1744, at meetings of ten thousand souls." In 1724 Louis XV., again 12 322 assuming that there were no Protestants in France, prohibited the most secret exercise of the Reformed religion, and imposed severe penalties . It was impossible fully to carry out this menace . But persecution raged, especially against the pastors . A price was set on the life of Court; and in 1730 he escaped to
See also:Lausanne . He had already, with the aid of some of the Protestant princes, established a theological
See also:college (" Seminaire de Lausanne ") there, and during the remaining
See also:thirty years of his life he filled the
See also:post of director . He had the title of
See also:deputy-general of the churches, and was really the pillar of their hope . The Seminary of Lausanne sent forth all the pastors of the Reformed Church of France till the days of the first French
See also:Empire . Court formed the design of writing a
See also:history of Protestantism, and made large collections for the purpose, which have been preserved in the Public Library of
See also:Geneva; but this he did not live to carry out . He died at Lausanne in 1760 . He wrote, amongst other
See also:works, a Histoire
See also:des troubles des Cevennes ou de to guerre des
See also:Camisards (1760) . He was the
See also:father of the more generally known Antoine Court de Gebelin (q.v.) .
For details of his life see
See also:Napoleon Peyrat's Histoire des pasteurs du desert (1842;
See also:translation, 1852); Edmond
See also:Hugues, Antoine Court, histoire de to restauration du protestantisme en France au X VIII° siecle (2nd ed., 1872),
See also:Les Synodes du desert (3 vols., 1885-1886), Memoires d'Antoine Court (1885) . E. and E . HHaag, La France protestante, vol. iv . (1884, new edition); H . M . Baird, The
See also:Huguenots and the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1895), vol. ii.; cf . Bulletin de to societe de histoire du prolestantisme franrais (1893-1906) .
COURT OF STAR CHAMBER
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