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MARQUISE DE RENEE CAROLINE DE FROULLA...

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Originally appearing in Volume V07, Page 411 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MARQUISE DE RENEE CAROLINE DE FROULLAY CREQUY (1714-1803), was born on the 19th of October 1714, at the chateau of Monfleaux (Mayenne), the daughter of Lieutenant-General Charles Francois de Froullay. She was educated by her maternal grandmother, and married in 1737 Louis Marie, marquis de Crequy (see above), who died four years after the marriage. Madame de Crequy devoted herself to the care of her only son, who rewarded her with an ingratitude which was the chief' sorrow of her life. In 1755 she began to receive in Paris, among her intimates being D'Alembert and J. J. Rousseau. She had none of the frivolity generally associated with the women of her time and class, and presently became extremely religious with inclinations to Jansenism. D'Alembert's visits ceased when she adopted religion, and she was nearly seventy when she formed the great friendship of her life with Senac de Meilhan, whom she met in 1781, and with whom she carried on a correspondence (edited by Edouard Fournier, with a preface by Sainte-Beuve in 1856). She commented on and criticized Meilhan's works and helped his reputation. She was arrested in 1793 and imprisoned in the convent of Les Oiseaux until the fall of Robespierre (July 1794). The well-known Souvenirs de la marquise de Crequy (1710-,803), printed in 7 volumes, 1834-1835, and purporting to be addressed to her grandson, Tancrede de Crequy, was the production of a Breton adventurer, Cousin de Courchamps. The first two volumes appeared in English in 1834 and were severely criticized in the Quarterly Review. See the notice prefixed by Sainte-Beuve to the Lettres; P. L. Jacob, Enigmes et decouvertes bibliographiques (Paris, 1866) ; Querard, Supercheries litteraires, s.v. " Crequy "; L'Ombre de la marquise de Crequy aux lecteurs des souvenirs (1836) exposes the forgery of the Mimoires.
End of Article: MARQUISE DE RENEE CAROLINE DE FROULLAY CREQUY (1714-1803)
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