Online Encyclopedia

HASDAI BEN ABRAHAM CRESCAS (1340-1410)

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Originally appearing in Volume V07, Page 411 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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HASDAI BEN ABRAHAM CRESCAS (1340-1410), Spanish philosopher. His work, The Light of the Lord ('Or `Adonai), deeply affected Spinoza, and thus his philosophy became of wide importance. Maimonides (q.v.) had brought Jewish thought entirely under the domination of Aristotle. The work of Crescas, though it had no immediate success, ended in effecting its liberation. He refused to base Judaism on speculative philosophy alone; there was a deep emotional side to his thought. Thus he based Judaism on love, not on knowledge; love was the bond between God and man, and man's fundamental duty was love as expressed in obedience to God's will. Spinoza derived from Crescas his distinction between attributes and properties; he shared Crescas's views on creation and free will, and in the whole trend of his thought the influence of Crescas is strongly marked. See E. G. Hirsch, Jewish Encyclopaedia, iv. 350. (I. A.)
End of Article: HASDAI BEN ABRAHAM CRESCAS (1340-1410)
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