See also:moon, hence a name applied to the shape of the moon in its first quarter . The
See also:crescent is employed as a
See also:charge in
See also:heraldry, with its horns vertical; when they are turned to the dexter side of the
See also:shield, it is called increscent, when to the sinister, decrescent . A crescent is used as a difference to denote the second son of a
See also:house; thus the earls of Harrington place a crescent upon a crescent, as descending from the second son of a second son . An
See also:order of the crescent was instituted by
See also:Charles I. of Naples and
See also:Sicily in 1268, and revived by Rene of
See also:Anjou in 1464 . A
See also:Turkish order or decoration of the crescent was instituted by Sultan
See also:Selim III. in 1799, in memory of the
See also:diamond crescent which he had presented to Nelson after the
See also:battle of the Nile, and which Nelson wore on his coat as if it were an order . The crescent is the military and religious
See also:symbol of the
See also:Turks . • According to the
See also:story told by
See also:Hesychius of
See also:Miletus, during the
See also:siege of
See also:Byzantium by
See also:Philip of Macedon the moon suddenly appeared, the
See also:dogs began to bark and aroused the inhabitants, who were thus enabled to frustrate the enemy's
See also:scheme of undermining the walls . The grateful Byzantines erected a statue to "
See also:torch-bearing " Hecate, and adopted the lunar crescent as the badge of the city . It is generally supposed that it was in turn adopted by the Turks after the capture of Constantinople in 1453, either as a badge of
See also:triumph, or to commemorate a partial eclipse of the moon on the
See also:night of the final attack . In reality, it seems to have been used by them long before that event .
See also:Ala ud-din, the Seljuk sultan of
See also:Iconium (1245-1254), and Ertoghrul, his
See also:lieutenant and the founder of the Ottoman branch of the Turkish
See also:race, assumed it as a
See also:device, and it appeared on the standard of the janissaries of Sultan Orkhan (1326-1360) . Since the new moon is associated with
See also:special acts of devotion in Turkey—where, as in England, there is a popular superstition that it is unlucky to see it through
See also:glass —it may originally have been adopted in consequence of its religious significance .
See also:Professor Ridgeway, however, the Turkish crescent, like that seen on
See also:horse-trappings, has nothing to do with the new moon, but is the result of the baseto-
See also:base conjunction of two claw or tusk amulets, an example of which has been brought to
See also:light during the excavations of the site of the
See also:temple of
See also:Artemis Orthia at
See also:Sparta (see
See also:March 21, 1908) . There is nothing distinctively Turkish in the combination of crescent and
See also:star which appears on the Turkish
See also:national standard; the latter is shown by coins and inscriptions to have been an
See also:ancient Illyrian symbol, and is of course
See also:common in knightly and decorative orders . It is doubtful whether any opposition between crescent and
See also:cross, as symbols of
See also:Islam and
See also:Christianity, was ever intended by the Turks; and it is an
See also:historical error to attribute the crescent to the
See also:Saracens of crusading times or the Moors in Spain . Crescent is also the name of a Turkish musical instrument . In architecture, a crescent is a street following the arc of a circle; the name in this sense was first used in the Royal Crescent at Bath .
HASDAI BEN ABRAHAM CRESCAS (1340-1410)
GIOVANNI MARIO CRESCIMBENI (1663-1728)
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