Online Encyclopedia

CROZIER

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V07, Page 521 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CROZIER, or pastoral staff, one of the insignia of a bishop, and probably derived from the lituus of the Roman augurs. It is crook-headed, and borne by bishops and archbishops alike (see PASTORAL STAFF). The,word "crozier" or "crosier" re-presents the O. Fr. crocier, Med. Lat. crociarius, the bearer of the episcopal crook (Med. Lat. crocea, croccia, &c., Fr. croc). The English representative of crocea was Grose, later crosse, which, becoming confused with" cross " (q.v.), was replaced by" crozier- staff " or ` crozier's staff," and then, at the beginning of the 16th century, by " crozier " (see J. T. Taylor, Archaeologia, lii., " On the Use of the Terms Crosier, Pastoral Staff and Cross ").
End of Article: CROZIER
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WILLIAM CROZIER (1855– )

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