See also:ancient city of
See also:Campania, Italy, about 12 M . W. of Neapolis, on the W.
See also:coast of Campania, on a volcanic
See also:eminence, overlooking the plain traversed by the Volturno . There are many legends as to its foundation, but even the actual
See also:period of its colonization by the Greeks is so early (ancient authorities give it as 1050 B.C.) that there is some doubt as to who established it, whether Chalcidians from Euboea or Aeolians from Ki jnj(Cyme), and it should probably be regarded as a joint settlement . It was certainly, as
See also:Strabo says, the
See also:oldest of the Greek colonies on the mainland of Italy or in
See also:Sicily .
See also:Livy tells us (viii . 22) that the settlers first landed on Pithecusae (Ischia) and thence transferred their position to the mainland, which seems a probable
See also:story . We find it in 721 B.C. founding Zancle (
See also:Messina) in Sicily jointly with
See also:Chalcis, and it extended its power gradually over the coast of the Gulf of
See also:Puteoli and the harbours of the promontory of
See also:Misenum . Puteoli itself under the name Dicaearchia was probably founded by
See also:Cumae . In the 7th century, according to the legends, Parthenope, whither the demos of Cumae had taken
See also:refuge after an unsuccessful rising against the aristocracy, was attacked by the latter and destroyed, but soon rebuilt under the name of Neapolis (New City, the
See also:present Naples) .2 The most fertile portion of the Campanian plain was also under its dominion; the name " fossa Graeca " still lingered on in 205 B.C. to testify to its ancient limits . Cumae was now at the height of its power, and many
See also:fine coins testify to its prosperity . In 524 B.C. it was the
See also:object of a joint attack by the Etruscans of
See also:Capua, the Daunians of the
See also:district of
See also:Nola, and the
See also:Aurunci of the
See also:Massicus . A brilliant victory was, however, won in the hilly district outside the
See also:town, largely owing 1 From
See also:Lat. cultivare, through cultivus, from colere, to till, cultivate; whence cultus, worship,
See also:form of religion, cult .
See also:Mommsen, however (Corpus Inscrip . Latin. x., Berlin, 1883, p . 170), rightly throws considerable doubt on the existence of Parthenope and even of Palaeopolis, of which there is some mention in
See also:annals; under both he is inclined to trace Cumae itself .
See also:group of
See also:parliamentary burghs .
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