See also:parish . The
See also:term is used in this general sense in certain rubrics of the
See also:Book of
See also:Common Prayer, in which it is applied equally to rectors and vicars as to perpetual curates . So, on the continent of
See also:Europe, it is applied in this sense to parish priests, as the Fr. cure, Ital. curato, Span. cure, &c . In a more limited sense it is applied in the
See also:Church of England to the incumbent of a parish who has no endowment of
See also:tithes, as distinguished from a perpetual
See also:vicar, who has an endowment of small tithes, which are for that reason sometimes styled vicarial tithes . The origin of such unendowed curacies is traceable to the fact that benefices were sometimes granted to religious houses pleno jure, and with liberty for them to provide for the cure; and when such appropriations were transferred to
See also:lay persons, being unable to serve themselves, the impropriators were required to nominate a clerk in full orders to the ordinary for his licence to serve the cure . Such curates, being not removable at the pleasure of the impropriators, but only on due revocation of the licence of the ordinary, came to be entitled perpetual curates . The term " curate " in the
See also:day is almost exclusively used to signify a clergyman who is assistant to a rector or vicar, by whom he is employed and paid; and a clerk in deacon's orders is competent to be licensed by a
See also:bishop to the
See also:office of such assistant curate . The consequence of this misuse of the term " curate "was that the title of " perpetual curate " fell into desuetude in the
See also:Anglican Church, and an
See also:act of parliament (1868) was passed to authorize perpetual curates to
See also:style themselves vicars (see VICAR) . The term is in use in the
See also:Roman Catholic Church in
See also:Ireland to designate an assistant clergyman, and also to a certain extent in the
See also:American Episcopal Church, though " assistant
See also:minister " is usually preferred .
CURATOR (Lat. for " one who takes care," curare, to...
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