CUSH , the eldest son of
See also:Ham, in the Bible, from whom seems to have been derived the name of the "
See also:Land of Cush," commonly rendered " Ethiopia " by the Septuagint and by the Vulgate . The locality of the land of Cush has long been a much-vexed question .
See also:Bochart maintained that it was exclusively in
See also:Arabia; Schulthess and Gesenius held that it should be sought for nowhere but in Africa (see ETHIOPIA) . Others again, like
See also:Michaelis and Rosenmuller, have supposed that the name Cush was applied to tracts of
See also:country both in Arabia and in Africa, but the defective
See also:condition of the
See also:ancient knowledge of countries and peoples, as also the probability of early migrations of " Cushite " tribes (carrying with them their name), will account for the
See also:main facts . The existence of an
See also:African Cush cannot reasonably be questioned, though the
See also:term is employed in the Old Testament with some latitude . The African Cush covers Upper
See also:Egypt, and extendssouthwards from the first
See also:cataract (Syene, Ezek.
See also:xxix . 1o) . That the term was also applied to parts of Arabia is evident from Gen. x . 7, where Cush is the "
See also:father " of certain tribal and ethnical designations, all of which point very clearly to Arabia, with the very doubtful exception of Seba, which
See also:Josephus (
See also:Ant . 2) identifies with Meroe.1 Even in the 5th century A.D. the Himyarites, in the south of Arabia, were styled by Syrian writers Cushaeans and Ethiopians . Moreover, the Babylonian inscriptions mention the Kashshi, an Elamite
See also:race, whose name has been equated with the classical KoavaZoi, KLQaux, and it has been held that this affords a more appropriate explanation of Cush (perhaps rather Kash), the ancestor of (the Babylonian)
See also:Nimrod in Gen. x . 8 .
Although decisiveevidence is lacking, it, seems extremely probable that several references to Cush in the Old Testament cannot refer to Ethiopia, despite the likelihood that considerable confusion existed in. the minds of early writers . The Cushite invasion in 2 Chron. xiv . (see
See also:Asa) is intelligible if the
See also:historical foundation for the
See also:story be a
See also:raid by Arabians, but in xvi . 8 the inclusion of Libyans shows that the enemy was subsequently supposed to be African . In several passages the
See also:interpretation is bound up with that of
See also:Mizraim (q.v.), and depends in general upon the question whether Ethiopia at a given
See also:time enjoyed the prominence given to it . On Num. xii . I see
See also:JETHRO; and consult H . Winckler, Keil. u. das alte Test., 3rd ed., p . 144 sq., and lm Kampfe um den alten Orient, ii. pp . 36 seq., and the literature cited under MIZRAIM . (S . A .
NICOLAUS CUSANUS (NICHOLAS OF CUSA) (1401–1464)
CALEB CUSHING (1800-1879)
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.