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SIMON DACH (1605-1659)

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Originally appearing in Volume V07, Page 726 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SIMON DACH (1605-1659), German lyrical poet, was born at Memel in East Prussia on the 29th of July 16o5. Although brought up in humble circumstances, he received a careful education in the classical schools of Konigsberg, Wittenberg and Magdeburg, and entered the university of Konigsberg in 1626 as a student of theology and philosophy. After taking his degree, he was appointed in 1633 Kollaborator (teacher) and in 1636 co-rector of the Domschule (cathedral school) in that city. In 1639 be received the chair of poetry at the university of Konigsberg, which he occupied until his death on the 15th of April 1659. In Konigsberg he entered into close relations with Heinrich Albert (1604-1651), Robert Roberthin (1600-1648) and Sibylla Schwarz (1621-1638), and with them formed the so-called Konigsberger Dictergruppe. He sang the praises of the house of the electors of Brandenburg in a collection of poems entitled Kurbrandenburgische Rose, Adler, Lowe und Scepter (1661), and also produced many occasional poems, several of which became popular; the most famous of them is Anke von Tharaw mss, de my gefollt (rendered by Herder into modern German as Annchen von Tharau), composed in 1637 in honourof the marriage of a friend. Among his hymns, many of which are of great beauty, are the following: Ich bin ja, Herr, in deiner Marht, Ich bin bei Gott in Gnaden durch Christi Blut und Tod, and 0, wie Selig seid ihr both, ihr Frommen. Editions of Dacli's poems have been published by . W. Muller (1823), by H. Osterley (ffor the Stuttgart Literarischer Verein, r876) ; also selections by the same editor (1876), and in Kursthnerfs Deutsche Nationalliteratur (1883). See especially the introductions to Osterley's editions; also H. Stiehler, Simon Duch, sein Leben und seine ausgewahlte Dichtungen (1896).
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