Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V07, Page 801 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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FLORENT CARTON DANCOURT (1661-1725), French dramatist and actor, was born at Fontainebleau on the 1st of November 1661. He belonged to a family of rank, and his parents entrusted his education to Pere de la Rue, a Jesuit, who made earnest efforts to induce him to join the order. But he had no religious vocation and proceeded to study law. He practised at the bar for some time, but his marriage to the daughter of the comedian Francois Lenoir de la Thorilliere led him to become an actor, and in 1685, in spite of the strong opposition of his family, he appeared at the Theatre Francais. His gifts as a comedian gave him immediate and marked success, both with the public and with his fellow actors. He was the spokesman of his company on occasions of state, and in this capacity he frequently appeared before Louis XIV., who treated him with great favour. One of his most famous impersonations was Alceste in the Misanthrope of Moliere. His first play, Le Notaire obligeant, produced in 1685, was well received. La Desolation des joueuses (1687) was still more successful. Le Chevalier a la mode (1687) is generally regarded as his best work, though his claim to original author-ship in this and some other cases has been disputed. In Le Chevalier a la mode appears the bourgeoise infatuated with the desire to be an aristocrat. The type is developed in Les Bourgeoises a la mode (1692) and Les Bourgeoises de gualite (1700). Dancourt was a prolific author, and produced some sixty plays in all. Some years before his death he terminated his career both as an actor and as an author by retiring to his chateau at Courcelles le Roi, in Berry, where he employed himself in making a poetical translation of the Psalms and in writing a sacred tragedy. He died on the 7th of December 1725. The plays of Dancourt are faithful descriptions of the manners of the time, and as such have real historical value. The characters are drawn with a realistic touch that led to his being styled by Charles Palissot the Teniers of comedy. He is very successful in his delineation of low life, and especially of the peasantry. The dialogue is sparkling, witty and natural. Many of the incidents of his plots were derived from actual occurrences in the " fast " and scandalous life of the period, and several of his characters were drawn from well-known personages of the day. Most of the plays incline to the type of farce rather than of pure comedy. Voltaire defined his talent in the words: " Ce que Regnard etait a 1' egard de Moliere dans la haute comedic, le comedien Dancourt 1' etait clans la farce." His two daughters, Manon and Marie Anne (Mimi), both obtained success on the stage of the Theatre Francais. The complete works of Dancourt were published in 176o (12 vols. 12mo). An edition of his Theatre choisi, with a preface by F. Sarcey, appeared in 1884.
End of Article: FLORENT CARTON DANCOURT (1661-1725)
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Additional information and Comments

I have a painting with the name Louis Dancourt on it. Every time I look up his name, it comes up Florent Carton Dancourt. I cannot find any information on whether or not he ever painted or had a descendant with the same name. This is a huge painting and I hope someone out there can tell me something about it. I have been researching this for the past two years with no result, other than the one I mentioned. I do not know if this person has any relevance to the picture I have. If so, I would, greatly, appreciate any help. I am running out of resources. Thank you.
i also have a painting by louis dancourt like you i can not find anything about him maybe can compare painting are info
I also have the Louis Dancourt LEFT BANK PARIS, L.Dancourt. I loved the print ever since my Grandmother bought it in the early 1970's.It cost her around 500$ at the time she bought it new. Trying to find a little more info about it.
i found a print of a painting of L Dancourt, left bank of paris in the dumpster where i live. iv been trying to find info on this and cant find none. how much is it worth? who would buy it of full worth? is there any more paintings by L Dancourt? sincerly, susan sanders
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