DANNEWERK, or DANEWERK (Danish, Dannevirke or Danevirke, " Danes' rampart ") , the
See also:ancient frontier rampart of the Danes against the Germans, extending 1o2 m. from just south of the
See also:town of
See also:Schleswig to the marshes of the
See also:river Trene near the
See also:village of Hollingstedt . The rampart was begun by Gutsob'r (Godefridus),
See also:king of Vestfold, early in the 9th century . In 934 it was passed by the German king
See also:Henry I., after which it was extended by King Harold Bluetooth (940-986), but was again stormed by the emperor
See also:Otto II. in 974 . The chronicler Saxo Grammaticus mentions in his Gesta Danorum the " rampart of
See also:Jutland " (Jutiae moenia) as having been once more extended by Valdemar the
See also:Great (1157-1182), which has been cited among the proofs that Schleswig (Sc/nderjylland) forms an integral
See also:part of Jutland (
See also:Manuel hist. de la question de Slesvig, 1906) . After the union of Schleswig and Holstein under the Danish
See also:crown, the Danevirke fell into decay, but in 1848 it was hastily strengthened by the Danes, who were, however, unable to hold it in
See also:face of the superiority of the Prussian
See also:artillery, and on the 23rd of
See also:April it was stormed . From 1850 onwards it was again repaired and strengthened at great cost, and was considered impregnable; but in the war of 1864 the Prussians turned it by
See also:crossing the Schlei, and it was abandoned by the Danes on the 6th of
See also:February without a
See also:blow . It was thereupon.destroyed by the Prussians; in spite of which, however, a long
See also:line of imposing ruins still remains . The systematic excavation of these, begun in 1900, hasyielded some notable finds, especially of valuable runic inscriptions (F. de Jessen, La Question de Slesvig, pp . 25, 44-50, &c.) . See Lorenzen, Dannevirke og Omegn (2nd ed.,
See also:Copenhagen, 1864): H . Handelmann, Das Dannewerk (
See also:Kiel, 1885) ; Philippsen and Stinksen, Fi hrer durch das Danewerk (
See also:Hamburg, 1903) .
JOHANN HEINRICH VON DANNECKER (1758-1841)
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