Online Encyclopedia

DARRANG

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V07, Page 837 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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DARRANG, a district of British India, in the provin* of Eastern Bengal and Assam. It lies between the Bhutan and Daphla Hills and the Brahmaputra, including many islands in the river. The administrative headquarters are at Tezpur. Its area is 3418 sq. m. It is for the most part a level plain watered by many tributaries of the Brahmaputra. The two subdivisions of Tezpur Mangaldai differ greatly in character. Tezpur is part of Upper Assam and shares in the prosperity which tea cultivation has brought to that part of the valley. In this portion of the district there are still large areas of excellent land awaiting settlement, and the cultivator finds a market for his produce in the flourishing tea-gardens, to which large quantities of coolies are imported every year. In Mangaldai, on the other hand, most of the good rice land was settled about 1880-1890 when the subdivision had a population of 146 to the square mile, as against 42 for Tezpur ; the soil is not favourable for tea, and the population is stationary or receding. In 19o1 the population of the whole district was 337,313, showing an increase of 1o% in the decade. The principal grain-crop is rice. The principal means of communication is by river. A steam tramway of 22 ft. gauge has been opened from Tezpur to Balipara, a distance of 20 M. Darrang originally formed, according to tradition, part of the dominions of Bana Raja, who was defeated by Krishna in a battle near Tezpur (" the town of blood "). The massive granite ruins found near by prove that the place must have been the seat of powerful and civilized rulers. In the 16th century Darrang was subject to the Koch king of Kamarupa, Nar Narayan, and on the division of his dominions among his heirs passed to an independent line of rajas. Early in the 17th century the raja Bali Narayan invoked the aid of the Ahoms of Upper Assam against the Mussulman invaders; after his defeat and death in 1637 the Ahoms dominated the whole district, and the Darrang rajas sank into petty feudatories. About 1785 they took advantage of the decay of the Ahom kingdom to try and re-establish their independence, but they were defeated by a British expedition in 1792, and in 1826 Darrang, with the rest of Assam, passed under British control.
End of Article: DARRANG
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Additional information and Comments

Darrang was always an important kingdom of now Assam. It has however been ruled by may dynasties over a period of time. I may mention that Darrang rajas were never reduced to petty rajas as is being said. Last dynasty of Darrang before annexation by British was Brahmins starting from Dramanarayana. Balinarayana son of Raghudeva was killed by mistake in the battle with Lakhminarayana with Prishitnarayana and therefore he could never have been made the king of Darrang. Raja Ksinanarayana was actually re-installed by British. Darrang sided with British in Burma war. What might have happened was that last raja of Darrang did not accept the over lordship of British hence banished.Indian Government should have accepted the raja of Darrang after independance of India.
Raja of Darrang was worshiper of Shiva as tradition. Aohoms and Koch used to worship Krishna. There is this fundamental difference. Pratap shingh installed Dharmanarayana as the independent king of Darrang after the Mogul war where Moguls were defeated.
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