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CHARLES GILES BRIDLE DAUBENY (1795-1867)

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Originally appearing in Volume V07, Page 847 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CHARLES GILES BRIDLE DAUBENY (1795-1867), English chemist, botanist and geologist, was the third son of the Rev. James Daubeny, and was born at Stratton in Gloucestershire on encouragement of his admirers in England made up for the disappointment, and the sale of his picture to a Royal Academician greatly pleased him. In 187o–1871 he again visited London, and subsequently Holland, where he painted a number of river scenes with windmills. In 1874, having returned to Paris, he fell ill, and from that time until he died (on the 19th of February 1878) his work won less distinction than before. In 1904 the municipality of Auvers-sur-Oise decided to erect a bronze monument to Daubigny's memory. Daubigny's finest pictures were painted between 1864 and 1874, and these for the most part consist of carefully completed landscapes with trees, river and a few ducks. It has curiously been said, yet with some appearance of truth, that when Daubigny liked his pictures himself he added another duck or two, so that the number of ducks often indicates greater or less artistic quality in his pictures. One of his sayings was, " The best pictures do not sell," as he frequently found his finest achievements little understood. Yet although during the latter part of his life he was considered a highly successful painter, the money value of his pictures since his death has increased nearly tenfold. Daubigny is chiefly preferred in his riverside pictures, of which he painted a great number, but although there are two large landscapes by Daubigny in the Louvre, neither is a river view. They are for that reason not so typical as many of his smaller Oise and Seine pictures. The works of Daubigny are, like Corot's, to be found in many modern collections. His most ambitious canvases are: " Spring-time" (1857), in the Louvre; "Borde de la Cure, Morvan" (1864); "VillervillesurMer" (1864); "Moonlight" (1865) ; "Andresysur Oise" (1868); and "Return of the Flock—Moonlight" (1878). His followers and pupils were his scn Karl (who sometimes painted so well that his works are occasionally mistaken for those of his father, though in few cases do they equal his father's mastery), Oudinot, Delpy and Damoye. See Fred Henriet, C. Daubigny et son oeuvre (Paris, 1878); D. Croal Thomson, The Barbizon School of Painters (London, 189o) ; J. W. Mollett, Daubigny (London, 1890) ; J. Claretie, Peintres et sculpteurs contemporains: Daubigny (Paris, 1882); Albert Wolff, La Capitale de fart: Ch. Francois Daubigny (Paris, 1881). (D. C. T.)
End of Article: CHARLES GILES BRIDLE DAUBENY (1795-1867)
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