See also:district in the west of
See also:Gloucestershire, England, between the Severn and the Wye . It extends northwa.rd in an
See also:form from the junction of these
See also:rivers, for a distance of 20 m., with an extreme breadth of so m., and still retains its true
See also:forest character . The
See also:surface is agreeably undulating, its
See also:elevation ranging from 12o to nearly s000 ft., and its sandy
See also:soil renders it most suitable for the growth of
See also:timber, which is the cause of its having been a royal forest from
See also:time immemorial . It is recorded that the commanders of the
See also:Armada had orders not to leave in it a
See also:standing . In the reign of
See also:Charles I." the forest contained 105,537 trees, and, straitened for
See also:money, the
See also:king granted it to
See also:John Wyntour for £Io,000, and a
See also:rent of £2000 . The
See also:grant was cancelled by
See also:Cromwell; but at the Restoration only 30,000 trees were
See also:left, and Wyntour, the Royalist
See also:commander, having got another grant, destroyed all but 200 trees
See also:fit for
See also:navy timber . In 168o an
See also:act was passed to enclose r i,000 acres and plant with
See also:oak and
See also:beech for supply of the
See also:dockyards; and the
See also:present forest, though not containing. very many gigantic oaks, has six " walks " covered with timber in various stages of growth . The forest is locally governed by two
See also:deputy gavellers to superintend the woods and mines, and four verderers elected by the freeholders, whose
See also:office, since the extermination of the
See also:deer in 185o, is almost purely honorary . From time immemorial all persons
See also:born in the
See also:hundred of St Briavel's, who Ia have worked a
See also:year and a
See also:day in a
See also:coal mine, become "
See also:free miners," and may
See also:work coal in any
See also:part of the forest not previously occupied . The forest
See also:laws were administered at the Speech-
See also:House, a
See also:building of the 17th century in the heart of the forest, where the verderers'
See also:court is still held . The district contains coal and iron mines, and quarries of building-
See also:stone, which fortunately hardly minimize its natural beauty . Near Coleford and Westbury
See also:pit workings of the
See also:period have been discovered, and the Romans drew large supplies of iron from this district .
The scenery is especially
See also:fine in the high ground bordering the Wye (q.v.), opposite to Symond's Yat above
See also:Monmouth, and Tintern above
See also:Chepstow . St Briavel's
See also:Castle, above Tintern, was the headquarters of the forest officials from an early date and was frequented by King John . It is a moated castle, of which the
See also:north-west front remains, standing in a magnificent position high above the Wye . See H . G . Nicholls, Forest of Dean (
See also:London, 1858) .
DEAN (Lat. decanus, derived from the Gr. 8eaa, ten)...
RICHARD DEANE (1610-1653)
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